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In Vitro Reconstitution and Crystallization of Cas9 Endonuclease Bound to a Guide RNA and a DNA Target


Anders, Carolin; Niewoehner, Ole; Jinek, Martin (2015). In Vitro Reconstitution and Crystallization of Cas9 Endonuclease Bound to a Guide RNA and a DNA Target. Methods in Enzymology, 558:515-537.

Abstract

The programmable RNA-guided DNA cleavage activity of the bacterial CRISPR-associated endonuclease Cas9 is the basis of genome editing applications in numerous model organisms and cell types. In a binary complex with a dual crRNA:tracrRNA guide or single-molecule guide RNA, Cas9 targets double-stranded DNAs harboring sequences complementary to a 20-nucleotide segment in the guide RNA. Recent structural studies of the enzyme have uncovered the molecular mechanism of RNA-guided DNA recognition. Here, we provide protocols for electrophoretic mobility shift and fluorescence-detection size exclusion chromatography assays used to probe DNA binding by Cas9 that allowed us to reconstitute and crystallize the enzyme in a ternary complex with a guide RNA and a bona fide target DNA. The procedures can be used for further mechanistic investigations of the Cas9 endonuclease family and are potentially applicable to other multicomponent protein-nucleic acid complexes.

Abstract

The programmable RNA-guided DNA cleavage activity of the bacterial CRISPR-associated endonuclease Cas9 is the basis of genome editing applications in numerous model organisms and cell types. In a binary complex with a dual crRNA:tracrRNA guide or single-molecule guide RNA, Cas9 targets double-stranded DNAs harboring sequences complementary to a 20-nucleotide segment in the guide RNA. Recent structural studies of the enzyme have uncovered the molecular mechanism of RNA-guided DNA recognition. Here, we provide protocols for electrophoretic mobility shift and fluorescence-detection size exclusion chromatography assays used to probe DNA binding by Cas9 that allowed us to reconstitute and crystallize the enzyme in a ternary complex with a guide RNA and a bona fide target DNA. The procedures can be used for further mechanistic investigations of the Cas9 endonuclease family and are potentially applicable to other multicomponent protein-nucleic acid complexes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:24 Sep 2015 10:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:24
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0076-6879
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.mie.2015.02.008
PubMed ID:26068752

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