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Clinical observation of panniculitis in two patients with BRAF-mutated metastatic melanoma treated with a combination of a BRAF inhibitor and a MEK inhibitor


Galliker, Nadja A; Murer, Carla; Kamarashev, Jivko; Dummer, Reinhard; Goldinger, Simone M (2015). Clinical observation of panniculitis in two patients with BRAF-mutated metastatic melanoma treated with a combination of a BRAF inhibitor and a MEK inhibitor. European Journal of Dermatology, 25(2):177-180.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Treatment with selective BRAF or MEK inhibitors is frequently associated with cutaneous toxicities, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), papillomas and rash. These cutaneous adverse effects are typically observed at a lower incidence during combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two male patients with stage IV metastatic BRAF-mutated melanoma were treated with a combination of a selective BRAF inhibitor and a selective MEK inhibitor (dabrafenib and trametinib, or encorafenib (LGX818) and binimetinib (MEK162)) within two different clinical trials. Ten and 150 days after treatment start respectively, the patients developed painful nodules on the legs. In addition, one patient developed symmetrical articulation pain and intermittent fever episodes. RESULTS Based on the clinical and histological presentation, erythema nodosum-like panniculitis was diagnosed in both cases. No other aetiology could be found. After receiving topical or oral steroid treatment and anti-inflammatory analgesics, the painful nodular lesions disappeared several weeks later. In one case, a rebound of the painful nodules was observed when the combination treatment (dabrafenib and trametinib) was resumed after a 1-week unscheduled treatment interruption. CONCLUSIONS Panniculitis has previously been described in association with BRAF inhibitor treatment, but not MEK inhibitor treatment. Combination treatment is usually associated with a lower incidence of cutaneous adverse events (AEs), as compared to monotherapy. Panniculitis was observed in two patients during combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment. These cases illustrate the need for further research in a larger patient population to identify a possible link between combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment and the incidence of panniculitis.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Treatment with selective BRAF or MEK inhibitors is frequently associated with cutaneous toxicities, including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), papillomas and rash. These cutaneous adverse effects are typically observed at a lower incidence during combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Two male patients with stage IV metastatic BRAF-mutated melanoma were treated with a combination of a selective BRAF inhibitor and a selective MEK inhibitor (dabrafenib and trametinib, or encorafenib (LGX818) and binimetinib (MEK162)) within two different clinical trials. Ten and 150 days after treatment start respectively, the patients developed painful nodules on the legs. In addition, one patient developed symmetrical articulation pain and intermittent fever episodes. RESULTS Based on the clinical and histological presentation, erythema nodosum-like panniculitis was diagnosed in both cases. No other aetiology could be found. After receiving topical or oral steroid treatment and anti-inflammatory analgesics, the painful nodular lesions disappeared several weeks later. In one case, a rebound of the painful nodules was observed when the combination treatment (dabrafenib and trametinib) was resumed after a 1-week unscheduled treatment interruption. CONCLUSIONS Panniculitis has previously been described in association with BRAF inhibitor treatment, but not MEK inhibitor treatment. Combination treatment is usually associated with a lower incidence of cutaneous adverse events (AEs), as compared to monotherapy. Panniculitis was observed in two patients during combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment. These cases illustrate the need for further research in a larger patient population to identify a possible link between combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment and the incidence of panniculitis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2015
Deposited On:30 Sep 2015 15:08
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:25
Publisher:John Libbey Eurotext
ISSN:1167-1122
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1684/ejd.2014.2512
PubMed ID:25788221

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