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Association of muscle-specific kinase MuSK with the acetylcholine receptor in mammalian muscle


Fuhrer, C; Sugiyama, J E; Taylor, R G; Hall, Z W (1997). Association of muscle-specific kinase MuSK with the acetylcholine receptor in mammalian muscle. The EMBO Journal, 16(16):4951-4960.

Abstract

During synaptogenesis at the neuromuscular junction, a neurally released factor, agrin, causes the clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the muscle membrane beneath the nerve terminal. Agrin acts through a specific receptor which is thought to have a receptor tyrosine kinase, MuSK, as one of its components. In agrin-treated muscle cells, both MuSK and the AChR become tyrosine phosphorylated. To determine how the activation of MuSK leads to AChR clustering, we have investigated their interaction in cultured C2 myotubes. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that MuSK is associated with the AChR and that this association is increased by agrin treatment. Agrin also caused a transient activation of the AChR-associated MuSK, as demonstrated by MuSK phosphorylation. In agrin-treated myotubes, MuSK phosphorylation increased with the same time course as phosphorylation of the beta subunit of the AChR, but declined more quickly. Although both herbimycin and staurosporine blocked agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation, only herbimycin inhibited the phosphorylation of MuSK. These results suggest that although agrin increases the amount of activated MuSK that is associated with the AChR, MuSK is not directly responsible for AChR phosphorylation but acts through other kinases.

Abstract

During synaptogenesis at the neuromuscular junction, a neurally released factor, agrin, causes the clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) in the muscle membrane beneath the nerve terminal. Agrin acts through a specific receptor which is thought to have a receptor tyrosine kinase, MuSK, as one of its components. In agrin-treated muscle cells, both MuSK and the AChR become tyrosine phosphorylated. To determine how the activation of MuSK leads to AChR clustering, we have investigated their interaction in cultured C2 myotubes. Immunoprecipitation experiments showed that MuSK is associated with the AChR and that this association is increased by agrin treatment. Agrin also caused a transient activation of the AChR-associated MuSK, as demonstrated by MuSK phosphorylation. In agrin-treated myotubes, MuSK phosphorylation increased with the same time course as phosphorylation of the beta subunit of the AChR, but declined more quickly. Although both herbimycin and staurosporine blocked agrin-induced AChR phosphorylation, only herbimycin inhibited the phosphorylation of MuSK. These results suggest that although agrin increases the amount of activated MuSK that is associated with the AChR, MuSK is not directly responsible for AChR phosphorylation but acts through other kinases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 August 1997
Deposited On:11 Feb 2008 12:12
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 12:38
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0261-4189
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/emboj/16.16.4951
PubMed ID:9305637

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