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Photosensitizer and light pave the way for cytosolic targeting and generation of cytosolic CD8 T cells using PLGA vaccine particles


Bruno, Cristina; Waeckerle-Men, Ying; Håkerud, Monika; Kündig, Thomas M; Gander, Bruno; Johansen, Pål (2015). Photosensitizer and light pave the way for cytosolic targeting and generation of cytosolic CD8 T cells using PLGA vaccine particles. Journal of Immunology, 195(1):166-173.

Abstract

The generation of CTLs is crucial in the immunological fight against cancer and many infectious diseases. To achieve this, vaccine Ags need to be targeted to the cytosol of dendritic cells, which can activate CD8 T cells via MHC class I (MHCI). Therefore, such targeting has become one of the major objectives of vaccine research. In this study, we aimed to bypass the unwanted and default MHC class II Ag presentation and trigger MHCI presentation by using a photosensitizer that, upon light activation, would facilitate cytosolic targeting of codelivered Ag. Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microparticles ∼1 μm size were loaded with OVA and the photosensitizer tetraphenyl chlorine disulphonate (TPCS2a) and administered intradermally in mice, which were illuminated 1 d later for activation of the photosensitizer. Immunization in the presence of TPCS2a significantly increased activation of CD8 T cells compared with immunization without TPCS2a and as measured by CD8 T cell proliferation, production of proinflammatory IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-2, and prevention of tumor growth. Cytotoxicity was demonstrated by granzyme B production in vitro and by in vivo killing of CFSE-labeled targets. CD4-dependent Ab responses were abrogated in mice immunized with TPCS2a-containing particles, suggesting that photosensitization facilitated a shift from default MHC class II toward MHCI Ag presentation. Hence, vaccine particles with Ag and photosensitizers proved an effective vehicle or adjuvant for stimulation of CTLs, and they may find potential application in therapeutic cancer vaccination and in prophylactic and therapeutic vaccination against intracellular infections.

Abstract

The generation of CTLs is crucial in the immunological fight against cancer and many infectious diseases. To achieve this, vaccine Ags need to be targeted to the cytosol of dendritic cells, which can activate CD8 T cells via MHC class I (MHCI). Therefore, such targeting has become one of the major objectives of vaccine research. In this study, we aimed to bypass the unwanted and default MHC class II Ag presentation and trigger MHCI presentation by using a photosensitizer that, upon light activation, would facilitate cytosolic targeting of codelivered Ag. Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) microparticles ∼1 μm size were loaded with OVA and the photosensitizer tetraphenyl chlorine disulphonate (TPCS2a) and administered intradermally in mice, which were illuminated 1 d later for activation of the photosensitizer. Immunization in the presence of TPCS2a significantly increased activation of CD8 T cells compared with immunization without TPCS2a and as measured by CD8 T cell proliferation, production of proinflammatory IFN-γ, TNF-α, and IL-2, and prevention of tumor growth. Cytotoxicity was demonstrated by granzyme B production in vitro and by in vivo killing of CFSE-labeled targets. CD4-dependent Ab responses were abrogated in mice immunized with TPCS2a-containing particles, suggesting that photosensitization facilitated a shift from default MHC class II toward MHCI Ag presentation. Hence, vaccine particles with Ag and photosensitizers proved an effective vehicle or adjuvant for stimulation of CTLs, and they may find potential application in therapeutic cancer vaccination and in prophylactic and therapeutic vaccination against intracellular infections.

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2 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2015
Deposited On:30 Sep 2015 15:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:25
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4049/jimmunol.1500431
PubMed ID:26019274

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