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18F-FDG-PET/MR increases diagnostic confidence in detection of bone metastases compared with 18F-FDG-PET/CT


Samarin, Andrei; Hüllner, Martin; Queiroz, Marcelo A; Stolzmann, Paul; Burger, Irene A; von Schulthess, Gustav; Veit-Haibach, Patrick (2015). 18F-FDG-PET/MR increases diagnostic confidence in detection of bone metastases compared with 18F-FDG-PET/CT. Nuclear medicine communications, 36(12):1165-1173.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare detection, lesion conspicuity and reader confidence of F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-PET/MR and F-FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) in patients with F-FDG avid bone metastases.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 30 PET/CT and PET/MRI data sets were performed in 24 patients. Each examination was evaluated for the presence of PET-positive bone lesions consistent with metastatic involvement. Conspicuity of PET-positive bone lesions was evaluated on the corresponding PET/CT and PET/MR images and compared using the Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. Reader confidence was determined to evaluate whether PET/CT or PET/MR was more useful for the assessment of the bone metastases and was compared using Student's t-test.
RESULTS: Overall, in both examinations, PET/CT and PET/MRI detected 86 F-FDG-positive bone lesions. On all 30 PET/MRI examinations, at least one morphological correlate for F-FDG-positive bone lesions was found on the MR component (82 out of 86 lesions). PET/CT imaging allowed identification of corresponding structural changes on the CT component in 23 out of 30 studies (65 out of 86 lesions). In lesion-by-lesion analysis, the mean lesion conspicuity was significantly better on T1 fat MR imaging compared with CT imaging (P=0.005). In seven out of 30 studies, a significant increase in reader confidence of PET/MRI compared with PET/CT was found.
CONCLUSION: PET/MRI offers higher reader confidence and improved conspicuity in bone metastases compared with PET/CT. However, the overall detection rate was not different. The highest possible clinical impact of PET/MRI appears to be in patients with limited, early bone metastatic disease.

Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare detection, lesion conspicuity and reader confidence of F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG)-PET/MR and F-FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) in patients with F-FDG avid bone metastases.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, a total of 30 PET/CT and PET/MRI data sets were performed in 24 patients. Each examination was evaluated for the presence of PET-positive bone lesions consistent with metastatic involvement. Conspicuity of PET-positive bone lesions was evaluated on the corresponding PET/CT and PET/MR images and compared using the Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. Reader confidence was determined to evaluate whether PET/CT or PET/MR was more useful for the assessment of the bone metastases and was compared using Student's t-test.
RESULTS: Overall, in both examinations, PET/CT and PET/MRI detected 86 F-FDG-positive bone lesions. On all 30 PET/MRI examinations, at least one morphological correlate for F-FDG-positive bone lesions was found on the MR component (82 out of 86 lesions). PET/CT imaging allowed identification of corresponding structural changes on the CT component in 23 out of 30 studies (65 out of 86 lesions). In lesion-by-lesion analysis, the mean lesion conspicuity was significantly better on T1 fat MR imaging compared with CT imaging (P=0.005). In seven out of 30 studies, a significant increase in reader confidence of PET/MRI compared with PET/CT was found.
CONCLUSION: PET/MRI offers higher reader confidence and improved conspicuity in bone metastases compared with PET/CT. However, the overall detection rate was not different. The highest possible clinical impact of PET/MRI appears to be in patients with limited, early bone metastatic disease.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:22 September 2015
Deposited On:09 Oct 2015 16:18
Last Modified:23 Sep 2016 00:00
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0143-3636
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/MNM.0000000000000387
PubMed ID:26397999

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