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Haemodilution tolerance in patients with mitral regurgitation


Spahn, D R; Seifert, Burkhardt; Pasch, T; Schmid, E R (1998). Haemodilution tolerance in patients with mitral regurgitation. Anaesthesia, 53(1):20-24.

Abstract

Haemodynamic parameters and oxygen consumption were determined in 20 patients with mitral regurgitation before and after a 12 ml.kg-1 isovolaemic exchange of blood for 6% hydroxyethyl starch. During haemodilution, mean (SEM) haemoglobin concentration decreased from 13.0 (0.4) to 10.3 (0.4) g.dl-1 (p = 0.001). With cardiac filling pressures maintained at predilution levels, cardiac index increased from 1.84 (0.08) to 1.94 (0.08) l.min-1.m-2 (p = 0.025) while systemic vascular resistance decreased from 1556 (86) to 1425 (83) dyne.s.cm-5 (p = 0.002) and oxygen extraction increased from 31.7 (1.1) to 37.3 (1.4)% (p = 0.001) resulting in an unchanged oxygen consumption. The haemodynamic response to haemodilution was not affected by the patients' cardiac rhythm, i.e. whether it was sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation. In conclusion, isovolaemic haemodilution to a haemoglobin of 10.3 g.dl-1 is well tolerated in patients with mitral regurgitation. Compensatory mechanisms include both an increase in cardiac index and an increase in oxygen extraction.

Abstract

Haemodynamic parameters and oxygen consumption were determined in 20 patients with mitral regurgitation before and after a 12 ml.kg-1 isovolaemic exchange of blood for 6% hydroxyethyl starch. During haemodilution, mean (SEM) haemoglobin concentration decreased from 13.0 (0.4) to 10.3 (0.4) g.dl-1 (p = 0.001). With cardiac filling pressures maintained at predilution levels, cardiac index increased from 1.84 (0.08) to 1.94 (0.08) l.min-1.m-2 (p = 0.025) while systemic vascular resistance decreased from 1556 (86) to 1425 (83) dyne.s.cm-5 (p = 0.002) and oxygen extraction increased from 31.7 (1.1) to 37.3 (1.4)% (p = 0.001) resulting in an unchanged oxygen consumption. The haemodynamic response to haemodilution was not affected by the patients' cardiac rhythm, i.e. whether it was sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation. In conclusion, isovolaemic haemodilution to a haemoglobin of 10.3 g.dl-1 is well tolerated in patients with mitral regurgitation. Compensatory mechanisms include both an increase in cardiac index and an increase in oxygen extraction.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 1998
Deposited On:15 Oct 2015 14:07
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 14:17
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0003-2409
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.1998.00272.x
PubMed ID:9505737

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