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Effects of chronic beta-blockade on compensatory mechanisms during acute isovolaemic haemodilution in patients with coronary artery disease


Spahn, D R; Seifert, Burkhardt; Pasch, T; Schmid, E R (1997). Effects of chronic beta-blockade on compensatory mechanisms during acute isovolaemic haemodilution in patients with coronary artery disease. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 78(4):381-385.

Abstract

We have compared compensatory mechanisms during acute isovolaemic haemodilution of 12 ml/kg body weight of blood with hydroxyethyl starch (450,000/0.7) exchange, in non-beta-blocked and beta-blocked patients with coronary artery disease. During haemodilution, mean concentrations of haemoglobin decreased from 12.8 (SEM 0.2) to 10.1 (0.1) g dl-1 (P < 0.01). Only beta-blocked patients had an increase in cardiac index (P < 0.01); in non-beta-blocked patients, cardiac index remained constant. In both groups oxygen extraction increased (P < 0.01), but the increase tended to be greater in non-beta-blocked patients (P = 0.06). Oxygen consumption was maintained in both groups. There were no ECG signs of myocardial ischaemia. We conclude that beta-blocked and non-beta-blocked patients with coronary artery disease tolerated well moderate haemodilution to a haemoglobin value of approximately 10 g dl-1, however, compensatory haemodynamic mechanisms differed fundamentally between the two groups.

Abstract

We have compared compensatory mechanisms during acute isovolaemic haemodilution of 12 ml/kg body weight of blood with hydroxyethyl starch (450,000/0.7) exchange, in non-beta-blocked and beta-blocked patients with coronary artery disease. During haemodilution, mean concentrations of haemoglobin decreased from 12.8 (SEM 0.2) to 10.1 (0.1) g dl-1 (P < 0.01). Only beta-blocked patients had an increase in cardiac index (P < 0.01); in non-beta-blocked patients, cardiac index remained constant. In both groups oxygen extraction increased (P < 0.01), but the increase tended to be greater in non-beta-blocked patients (P = 0.06). Oxygen consumption was maintained in both groups. There were no ECG signs of myocardial ischaemia. We conclude that beta-blocked and non-beta-blocked patients with coronary artery disease tolerated well moderate haemodilution to a haemoglobin value of approximately 10 g dl-1, however, compensatory haemodynamic mechanisms differed fundamentally between the two groups.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 1997
Deposited On:15 Oct 2015 14:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:26
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0007-0912
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.4.381
PubMed ID:9135357

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