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Identification of NY-ESO-1 epitopes presented by human histocompatibility antigen (HLA)-DRB4*0101-0103 and recognized by CD4(+) T lymphocytes of patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing melanoma


Jäger, E; Jäger, D; Karbach, J; Chen, Y T; Ritter, G; Nagata, Y; Gnjatic, S; Stockert, E; Arand, M; Old, L J; Knuth, A (2000). Identification of NY-ESO-1 epitopes presented by human histocompatibility antigen (HLA)-DRB4*0101-0103 and recognized by CD4(+) T lymphocytes of patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing melanoma. Journal of Experimental Medicine, 191(4):625-630.

Abstract

NY-ESO-1 is a member of the cancer-testis family of tumor antigens that elicits strong humoral and cellular immune responses in patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing cancers. Since CD4(+) T lymphocytes play a critical role in generating antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte and antibody responses, we searched for NY-ESO-1 epitopes presented by histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II molecules. Autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells of cancer patients were incubated with recombinant NY-ESO-1 protein and used in enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays to detect NY-ESO-1-specific CD4(+) T lymphocyte responses. To identify possible epitopes presented by distinct HLA class II alleles, overlapping 18-mer peptides derived from NY-ESO-1 were synthetized and tested for recognition by CD4(+) T lymphocytes in autologous settings. We identified three NY-ESO-1-derived peptides presented by DRB4*0101-0103 and recognized by CD4(+) T lymphocytes of two melanoma patients sharing these HLA class II alleles. Specificity of recognition was confirmed by proliferation assays. The characterization of HLA class II-restricted epitopes will be useful for the assessment of spontaneous and vaccine-induced immune responses of cancer patients against defined tumor antigens. Further, the therapeutic efficacy of active immunization using antigenic HLA class I-restricted peptides may be improved by adding HLA class II-presented epitopes.

Abstract

NY-ESO-1 is a member of the cancer-testis family of tumor antigens that elicits strong humoral and cellular immune responses in patients with NY-ESO-1-expressing cancers. Since CD4(+) T lymphocytes play a critical role in generating antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte and antibody responses, we searched for NY-ESO-1 epitopes presented by histocompatibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II molecules. Autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells of cancer patients were incubated with recombinant NY-ESO-1 protein and used in enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assays to detect NY-ESO-1-specific CD4(+) T lymphocyte responses. To identify possible epitopes presented by distinct HLA class II alleles, overlapping 18-mer peptides derived from NY-ESO-1 were synthetized and tested for recognition by CD4(+) T lymphocytes in autologous settings. We identified three NY-ESO-1-derived peptides presented by DRB4*0101-0103 and recognized by CD4(+) T lymphocytes of two melanoma patients sharing these HLA class II alleles. Specificity of recognition was confirmed by proliferation assays. The characterization of HLA class II-restricted epitopes will be useful for the assessment of spontaneous and vaccine-induced immune responses of cancer patients against defined tumor antigens. Further, the therapeutic efficacy of active immunization using antigenic HLA class I-restricted peptides may be improved by adding HLA class II-presented epitopes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:21 February 2000
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 11:21
Last Modified:28 Apr 2017 01:20
Publisher:Rockefeller University Press
ISSN:0022-1007
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1084/jem.191.4.625
PubMed ID:10684854

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