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Differential subcellular localization of endogenous and transfected soluble epoxide hydrolase in mammalian cells: evidence for isozyme variants


Mullen, R T; Trelease, R N; Duerk, H; Arand, M; Hammock, B D; Oesch, F; Grant, D F (1999). Differential subcellular localization of endogenous and transfected soluble epoxide hydrolase in mammalian cells: evidence for isozyme variants. FEBS letters, 445(2-3):301-305.

Abstract

Endogenous, constitutive soluble epoxide hydrolase in mice 3T3 cells was localized via immunofluorescence microscopy exclusively in peroxisomes, whereas transiently expressed mouse soluble epoxide hydrolase (from clofibrate-treated liver) accumulated only in the cytosol of 3T3 and HeLa cells. When the C-terminal lie of mouse soluble epoxide hydrolase was mutated to generate a prototypic putative type 1 PTS (-SKI to -SKL), the enzyme targeted to peroxisomes. The possibility that soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI was sorted slowly to peroxiosmes from the cytosol was examined by stably expressing rat soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI appended to the green fluorescent protein. Green fluorescent protein soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI was strictly cytosolic, indicating that -SKI was not a temporally inefficient putative type 1 PTS. Import of soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI into peroxisomes in plant cells revealed that the context of -SKI on soluble epoxide hydrolase was targeting permissible. These results show that the C-terminal -SKI is a non-functional putative type 1 PTS on soluble epoxide hydrolase and suggest the existence of distinct cytosolic and peroxisomal targeting variants of soluble epoxide hydrolase in mouse and rat.

Abstract

Endogenous, constitutive soluble epoxide hydrolase in mice 3T3 cells was localized via immunofluorescence microscopy exclusively in peroxisomes, whereas transiently expressed mouse soluble epoxide hydrolase (from clofibrate-treated liver) accumulated only in the cytosol of 3T3 and HeLa cells. When the C-terminal lie of mouse soluble epoxide hydrolase was mutated to generate a prototypic putative type 1 PTS (-SKI to -SKL), the enzyme targeted to peroxisomes. The possibility that soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI was sorted slowly to peroxiosmes from the cytosol was examined by stably expressing rat soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI appended to the green fluorescent protein. Green fluorescent protein soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI was strictly cytosolic, indicating that -SKI was not a temporally inefficient putative type 1 PTS. Import of soluble epoxide hydrolase-SKI into peroxisomes in plant cells revealed that the context of -SKI on soluble epoxide hydrolase was targeting permissible. These results show that the C-terminal -SKI is a non-functional putative type 1 PTS on soluble epoxide hydrolase and suggest the existence of distinct cytosolic and peroxisomal targeting variants of soluble epoxide hydrolase in mouse and rat.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:26 February 1999
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 13:39
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:29
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-5793
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(99)00142-8
PubMed ID:10094477

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