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Asp333, Asp495, and His523 form the catalytic triad of rat soluble epoxide hydrolase - Zurich Open Repository and Archive


Arand, M; Wagner, H; Oesch, F (1996). Asp333, Asp495, and His523 form the catalytic triad of rat soluble epoxide hydrolase. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 271(8):4223-4229.

Abstract

On the basis of the sequence similarity between mammalian epoxide hydrolases and bacterial haloalkane dehalogenase reported earlier (Arand, M., Grant, D. F., Beetham, J. K., Friedberg, T., Oesch, F., and Hammock, B. D. (1994) FEBS Lett. 338, 251-256; Beetham, J. K., Grant, D., Arand, M., Garbarino, J., Kiyosue, T., Pinot, F., Oesch, F., Belknap, W. R., Shinozaki, K., and hammock, B. D. (1995) DNA Cell. Biol. 14, 61-71) we selected candidate amino acid residues for the putative catalytic triad of the rat soluble epoxide hydrolase. The predicted amino acid residues were exchanged by site-directed mutagenesis of the epoxide hydrolase cDNA, followed by the expression of the respective mutant enzymes in Escherichia coli. A total of 25 different mutants were analyzed for their epoxide hydrolase activity toward the model substrate trans-stilbene oxide. In case of impaired catalytic activity of a given mutant, the structural integrity of the recombinant enzyme protein was assessed either by its ability to covalently bind the substrate trans-stilbene oxide or by affinity purification on benzyl thio-Sepharose, using the soluble epoxide hydrolase-specific competitive inhibitor 4-fluorochalcone oxide to release the bound enzyme from the affinity matrix. Of the mutants under investigation, only those with changes in the positions Asp333, Asp495, and His523 were completely inactive toward the model substrate trans-stilbene oxide while retaining the proper protein fold. These amino acids were exactly those previously predicted by sequence alignment. Exchange of the amino acid residues flanking the catalytic nucleophile Asp333 significantly changed the kinetic properties of the enzyme. Mutation of His332 to Gln had no apparent effect on the Km but led to a heavily reduced Vmax (5% that of the wild type) of the mutant enzyme, while the exchange of Trp334 against Phe strongly increased the Km (7-fold) and also moderately enhanced the Vmax (2-fold) of the corresponding mutant. Mutation of Trp540 apparently had a strong effect on the protein conformation.

Abstract

On the basis of the sequence similarity between mammalian epoxide hydrolases and bacterial haloalkane dehalogenase reported earlier (Arand, M., Grant, D. F., Beetham, J. K., Friedberg, T., Oesch, F., and Hammock, B. D. (1994) FEBS Lett. 338, 251-256; Beetham, J. K., Grant, D., Arand, M., Garbarino, J., Kiyosue, T., Pinot, F., Oesch, F., Belknap, W. R., Shinozaki, K., and hammock, B. D. (1995) DNA Cell. Biol. 14, 61-71) we selected candidate amino acid residues for the putative catalytic triad of the rat soluble epoxide hydrolase. The predicted amino acid residues were exchanged by site-directed mutagenesis of the epoxide hydrolase cDNA, followed by the expression of the respective mutant enzymes in Escherichia coli. A total of 25 different mutants were analyzed for their epoxide hydrolase activity toward the model substrate trans-stilbene oxide. In case of impaired catalytic activity of a given mutant, the structural integrity of the recombinant enzyme protein was assessed either by its ability to covalently bind the substrate trans-stilbene oxide or by affinity purification on benzyl thio-Sepharose, using the soluble epoxide hydrolase-specific competitive inhibitor 4-fluorochalcone oxide to release the bound enzyme from the affinity matrix. Of the mutants under investigation, only those with changes in the positions Asp333, Asp495, and His523 were completely inactive toward the model substrate trans-stilbene oxide while retaining the proper protein fold. These amino acids were exactly those previously predicted by sequence alignment. Exchange of the amino acid residues flanking the catalytic nucleophile Asp333 significantly changed the kinetic properties of the enzyme. Mutation of His332 to Gln had no apparent effect on the Km but led to a heavily reduced Vmax (5% that of the wild type) of the mutant enzyme, while the exchange of Trp334 against Phe strongly increased the Km (7-fold) and also moderately enhanced the Vmax (2-fold) of the corresponding mutant. Mutation of Trp540 apparently had a strong effect on the protein conformation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:23 February 1996
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 13:13
Last Modified:28 Aug 2016 08:03
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:8626766

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