Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Non-competitive inhibition of clomipramine N-demethylation by fluvoxamine


Härtter, S; Arand, M; Oesch, F; Hiemke, C (1995). Non-competitive inhibition of clomipramine N-demethylation by fluvoxamine. Psychopharmacology, 117(2):149-153.

Abstract

The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine interferes with the metabolism of tricyclic antidepressants. The present investigation was set out to characterize these interactions in vitro using rat liver microsomes and in vivo by analysing levels of clomipramine and metabolites in sera of depressed patients treated concomitantly with fluvoxamine and clomipramine. Clomipramine was N-demethylated and hydroxylated in vitro by microsomes to N-desmethyl-clomipramine, 8-hydroxyclomipramine, and 10-hydroxyclomipramine. Kinetic analyses revealed Km values of 6.2 microM for N-demethylation and 1.2 microM for 8-hydroxylation. Fluvoxamine was a non-competitive inhibitor for N-demethylation with mean Ki value of 6 microM. In the sera of patients treated with daily doses of 150 mg clomipramine and varying doses of fluvoxamine, decrease in the formation of N-desmethylclomipramine and 8-hydroxyclomipramine were found in comparison to those in sera of patients receiving clomipramine as monotherapy. Taken together, the data give evidence that fluvoxamine is a potent non-competitive inhibitor of N-demethylation and to a minor extent of 8-hydroxylation of clomipramine. Because of the species differences in the metabolism of xenobiotics between rodents and humans, conclusions from animal studies on the clinical situation must be drawn cautiously. Nevertheless, the in vitro approach was helpful to understand drug interactions between clomipramine and fluvoxamine in psychiatric patients.

Abstract

The selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluvoxamine interferes with the metabolism of tricyclic antidepressants. The present investigation was set out to characterize these interactions in vitro using rat liver microsomes and in vivo by analysing levels of clomipramine and metabolites in sera of depressed patients treated concomitantly with fluvoxamine and clomipramine. Clomipramine was N-demethylated and hydroxylated in vitro by microsomes to N-desmethyl-clomipramine, 8-hydroxyclomipramine, and 10-hydroxyclomipramine. Kinetic analyses revealed Km values of 6.2 microM for N-demethylation and 1.2 microM for 8-hydroxylation. Fluvoxamine was a non-competitive inhibitor for N-demethylation with mean Ki value of 6 microM. In the sera of patients treated with daily doses of 150 mg clomipramine and varying doses of fluvoxamine, decrease in the formation of N-desmethylclomipramine and 8-hydroxyclomipramine were found in comparison to those in sera of patients receiving clomipramine as monotherapy. Taken together, the data give evidence that fluvoxamine is a potent non-competitive inhibitor of N-demethylation and to a minor extent of 8-hydroxylation of clomipramine. Because of the species differences in the metabolism of xenobiotics between rodents and humans, conclusions from animal studies on the clinical situation must be drawn cautiously. Nevertheless, the in vitro approach was helpful to understand drug interactions between clomipramine and fluvoxamine in psychiatric patients.

Statistics

Citations

19 citations in Web of Science®
20 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 29 Oct 2015
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 1995
Deposited On:29 Oct 2015 13:09
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:29
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0033-3158
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02245180
PubMed ID:7753960

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 517kB
View at publisher

Article Networks

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations