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Chiral (SO)–N–(SO) Sulfoxide Pincer Complexes of Mg, Rh, and Ir: N–H Activation and Selective Sulfoxide Reduction upon Ligand Coordination


Locke, Harald; Herrera, Alberto; Heinemann, Frank W; Linden, Anthony; Frieß, Sibylle; Schmid, Bernhard; Dorta, Romano (2015). Chiral (SO)–N–(SO) Sulfoxide Pincer Complexes of Mg, Rh, and Ir: N–H Activation and Selective Sulfoxide Reduction upon Ligand Coordination. Organometallics, 34(10):1925-1931.

Abstract

Multigram quantities of the optically pure amino−bis-sulfoxide ligand (S,S)-bis(4-tert-butyl-2-(ptolylsulfinyl) phenyl)amine ((S,S)-3) are accessible by in situ lithiation of bis(2-bromo-4-tert-butylphenyl)amine (1) followed by a nucleophilic displacement reaction with Andersen’s sulfinate 2. Deprotonation of (S,S)-3 with MgPh2 yields the magnesium amido−bis-sulfoxide salt (S,S)-4 quantitatively. Metathetical exchange of (S,S)-4 with [RhCl(COE)2]2 affords the optically pure pseudo-C2-symmetric Rh(I)−amido bissulfoxide pincer complex mer-(R,R)-[Rh(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2- (p-tolylsulfinyl)phenyl)amide)(COE)] (mer-(R,R)-5). This complex reacts with 3 equiv of HCl to give the facial Rh(III) complex fac-(S,R,R)-[Rh(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2-(p-tolylsulfinyl)- phenyl)amine)Cl3] (fac-(S,R,R)-6), in which one of the sulfoxide functions has been reduced to the sulfide and in which the resulting sulfoxide−sulfide−amine ligand is facially coordinated. The same complexes 5 and 6 form in a 1:2 ratio in a disproportionation reaction when [RhCl(COE)2]2 is treated with 2 equiv of neutral ligand 3. N−H activation is directly observed in the reaction of [IrCl(COE)2]2 with 3, affording the amido−hydrido−Ir(III) complex [Ir(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2-(ptolylsulfinyl) phenyl)amide)(Cl)(H)(COE)] (8).

Abstract

Multigram quantities of the optically pure amino−bis-sulfoxide ligand (S,S)-bis(4-tert-butyl-2-(ptolylsulfinyl) phenyl)amine ((S,S)-3) are accessible by in situ lithiation of bis(2-bromo-4-tert-butylphenyl)amine (1) followed by a nucleophilic displacement reaction with Andersen’s sulfinate 2. Deprotonation of (S,S)-3 with MgPh2 yields the magnesium amido−bis-sulfoxide salt (S,S)-4 quantitatively. Metathetical exchange of (S,S)-4 with [RhCl(COE)2]2 affords the optically pure pseudo-C2-symmetric Rh(I)−amido bissulfoxide pincer complex mer-(R,R)-[Rh(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2- (p-tolylsulfinyl)phenyl)amide)(COE)] (mer-(R,R)-5). This complex reacts with 3 equiv of HCl to give the facial Rh(III) complex fac-(S,R,R)-[Rh(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2-(p-tolylsulfinyl)- phenyl)amine)Cl3] (fac-(S,R,R)-6), in which one of the sulfoxide functions has been reduced to the sulfide and in which the resulting sulfoxide−sulfide−amine ligand is facially coordinated. The same complexes 5 and 6 form in a 1:2 ratio in a disproportionation reaction when [RhCl(COE)2]2 is treated with 2 equiv of neutral ligand 3. N−H activation is directly observed in the reaction of [IrCl(COE)2]2 with 3, affording the amido−hydrido−Ir(III) complex [Ir(bis(4-(tert-butyl)-2-(ptolylsulfinyl) phenyl)amide)(Cl)(H)(COE)] (8).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:12 Nov 2015 07:19
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 14:42
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0276-7333
Funders:Friedrich-Alexander University
Additional Information:This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Organometallics, copyright © 2015American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see DOI: 10.1021/acs.organomet.5b00178
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.organomet.5b00178

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