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Decision-Theoretic Psychiatry


Huys, Quentin J M; Guitart-Masip, Marc; Dolan, Raymond J; Dayan, Peter (2015). Decision-Theoretic Psychiatry. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(3):400-421.

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders profoundly impair many aspects of decision making. Poor choices have negative consequences in the moment and make it very hard to navigate complex social environments. Computational neuroscience provides normative, neurobiologically informed descriptions of the components of decision making that serve as a platform for a principled exploration of dysfunctions. Here, we identify and discuss three classes of failure modes arising in these formalisms. They stem from abnormalities in the framing of problems or tasks, from the mechanisms of cognition used to solve the tasks, or from the historical data available from the environment.

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders profoundly impair many aspects of decision making. Poor choices have negative consequences in the moment and make it very hard to navigate complex social environments. Computational neuroscience provides normative, neurobiologically informed descriptions of the components of decision making that serve as a platform for a principled exploration of dysfunctions. Here, we identify and discuss three classes of failure modes arising in these formalisms. They stem from abnormalities in the framing of problems or tasks, from the mechanisms of cognition used to solve the tasks, or from the historical data available from the environment.

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17 citations in Web of Science®
18 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Biomedical Engineering
Dewey Decimal Classification:170 Ethics
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:19 Nov 2015 09:24
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 14:49
Publisher:Sage Publications, Inc.
ISSN:2167-7026
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/2167702614562040
Official URL:http://cpx.sagepub.com/content/3/3/400

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