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Quantitative Shear-Wave US Elastography of the Supraspinatus Muscle: Reliability of the Method and Relation to Tendon Integrity and Muscle Quality


Rosskopf, Andrea B; Ehrmann, Christine; Buck, Florian M; Gerber, Christian; Flück, Martin; Pfirrmann, Christian W A (2015). Quantitative Shear-Wave US Elastography of the Supraspinatus Muscle: Reliability of the Method and Relation to Tendon Integrity and Muscle Quality. Radiology:150908.

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the reliability of ultrasonographic (US) elastography of the supraspinatus (SSP) muscle, define normal shear-wave velocity (SWV) values, and correlate findings with tendon integrity and muscle quality. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the local ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. SSP SWV (in meters per second) was prospectively assessed twice in 22 asymptomatic volunteers (mean age ± standard deviation, 53.8 years ± 15.3; 11 women and 11 men) by two independent examiners by using shear-wave elastography. Forty-four patients (mean age, 51.9 years ± 15.0; 22 women and 22 men) were prospectively included. SWV findings were compared with tendon integrity, tendon retraction (Patte classification), fatty muscle infiltration (Goutallier stages 0-IV), and muscle volume atrophy (tangent sign) on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation, analysis of variance, two-sample t test, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used. Results Test-retest reliability for mean total SWV (MTSWV) was good for examiner 1 (ICC = 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.30, 0.87; P = .003) and excellent for examiner 2 (ICC = 0.80; 95% CI: 0.53, 0.92; P < .001). Interexaminer reliability was excellent (ICC = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.64, 0.96; P < .001). MTSWV in volunteers (3.0 m/sec ± 0.5) was significantly higher than that in patients (2.5 m/sec ± 0.5; P = .001). For tendon integrity, no significant difference in MTSWV was found. For tendon retraction, MTSWV varies significantly between patients with different degrees of retraction (P = .047). No significant differences were found for Goutallier subgroups. MTSWV was significantly lower with a positive tangent sign (P = .015; n = 10). Conclusion Shear-wave elastography is reproducible for assessment of the SSP muscle. Mean normal SSP SWV is 3.0 m/sec ± 0.5. SWV decreases with increasing fat content (Goutallier stage 0-III) and increases in the final stage of fatty infiltration (Goutallier stage IV). (©) RSNA, 2015.

Abstract

Purpose To evaluate the reliability of ultrasonographic (US) elastography of the supraspinatus (SSP) muscle, define normal shear-wave velocity (SWV) values, and correlate findings with tendon integrity and muscle quality. Materials and Methods The study was approved by the local ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. SSP SWV (in meters per second) was prospectively assessed twice in 22 asymptomatic volunteers (mean age ± standard deviation, 53.8 years ± 15.3; 11 women and 11 men) by two independent examiners by using shear-wave elastography. Forty-four patients (mean age, 51.9 years ± 15.0; 22 women and 22 men) were prospectively included. SWV findings were compared with tendon integrity, tendon retraction (Patte classification), fatty muscle infiltration (Goutallier stages 0-IV), and muscle volume atrophy (tangent sign) on magnetic resonance (MR) images. Descriptive statistics, Spearman correlation, analysis of variance, two-sample t test, and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) were used. Results Test-retest reliability for mean total SWV (MTSWV) was good for examiner 1 (ICC = 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.30, 0.87; P = .003) and excellent for examiner 2 (ICC = 0.80; 95% CI: 0.53, 0.92; P < .001). Interexaminer reliability was excellent (ICC = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.64, 0.96; P < .001). MTSWV in volunteers (3.0 m/sec ± 0.5) was significantly higher than that in patients (2.5 m/sec ± 0.5; P = .001). For tendon integrity, no significant difference in MTSWV was found. For tendon retraction, MTSWV varies significantly between patients with different degrees of retraction (P = .047). No significant differences were found for Goutallier subgroups. MTSWV was significantly lower with a positive tangent sign (P = .015; n = 10). Conclusion Shear-wave elastography is reproducible for assessment of the SSP muscle. Mean normal SSP SWV is 3.0 m/sec ± 0.5. SWV decreases with increasing fat content (Goutallier stage 0-III) and increases in the final stage of fatty infiltration (Goutallier stage IV). (©) RSNA, 2015.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:5 November 2015
Deposited On:19 Nov 2015 11:25
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 14:50
Publisher:Radiological Society of North America
ISSN:0033-8419
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2015150908
PubMed ID:26540450

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