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Cyclization cascades via N-amidyl radicals toward highly functionalized heterocyclic scaffolds


Fuentes, Noelia; Kong, Wangqing; Fernández-Sánchez, Luis; Merino, Estibaliz; Nevado, Cristina (2015). Cyclization cascades via N-amidyl radicals toward highly functionalized heterocyclic scaffolds. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 137(2):964-973.

Abstract

The addition of a variety of radicals to the double bond of N-(arylsulfonyl)acrylamides can trigger cyclization/aryl migration/desulfonylation cascades via amidyl radical intermediates 2. Herein, we demonstrate the synthetic utility of these intermediates in subsequent C?C and C?X bond-forming events to rapidly build up molecular complexity. First, we describe a regioselective one-pot synthesis of CF3-, SCF3-, Ph2(O)P-, and N3-containing indolo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-ones from N-[(2-ethynyl)arylsulfonyl]acrylamides through a multi-step radical reaction cascade. The process involves the one-pot formation of four new bonds (one C?X, two C?C, and one C?N), a formal 1,4-aryl migration, and desulfonylation of the starting material. Second, we present a one-pot synthesis of 3,3-disubstituted-2-dihydropyridinones from N-(arylsulfonyl)acrylamides and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. In this case, a silver-catalyzed radical cascade process involving the sequential formation of two new C?C bonds and one C?N bond, a formal 1,4-aryl migration, and desulfonylation of the starting material explains the regioselective formation of densely functionalized heterocycles in a straightforward manner. Control experiments have unraveled the key intermediates as well as the sequence of individual steps involved in these transformations.

Abstract

The addition of a variety of radicals to the double bond of N-(arylsulfonyl)acrylamides can trigger cyclization/aryl migration/desulfonylation cascades via amidyl radical intermediates 2. Herein, we demonstrate the synthetic utility of these intermediates in subsequent C?C and C?X bond-forming events to rapidly build up molecular complexity. First, we describe a regioselective one-pot synthesis of CF3-, SCF3-, Ph2(O)P-, and N3-containing indolo[2,1-a]isoquinolin-6(5H)-ones from N-[(2-ethynyl)arylsulfonyl]acrylamides through a multi-step radical reaction cascade. The process involves the one-pot formation of four new bonds (one C?X, two C?C, and one C?N), a formal 1,4-aryl migration, and desulfonylation of the starting material. Second, we present a one-pot synthesis of 3,3-disubstituted-2-dihydropyridinones from N-(arylsulfonyl)acrylamides and 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. In this case, a silver-catalyzed radical cascade process involving the sequential formation of two new C?C bonds and one C?N bond, a formal 1,4-aryl migration, and desulfonylation of the starting material explains the regioselective formation of densely functionalized heterocycles in a straightforward manner. Control experiments have unraveled the key intermediates as well as the sequence of individual steps involved in these transformations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:20 Nov 2015 10:49
Last Modified:31 May 2016 18:33
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:0002-7863
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ja5115858
PubMed ID:25561161

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