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Protection from varicella zoster in solid organ transplant recipients carrying killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor B haplotypes


Schmied, Laurent; Terszowski, Grzegorz; Gonzalez, Asensio; Schmitter, Karin; Hirsch, Hans H; Garzoni, Christian; van Delden, Christian; Boggian, Katia; Mueller, Nicolas J; Berger, Christoph; Villard, Jean; Manuel, Oriol; Meylan, Pascal; Hess, Christoph; Stern, Martin (2015). Protection from varicella zoster in solid organ transplant recipients carrying killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor B haplotypes. Transplantation, 99(12):2651-2655.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Natural killer cell function is regulated by inhibitory and activating killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). Previous studies have documented associations of KIR genotype with the risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication after solid organ transplantation.
METHODS: In this study of 649 solid organ transplant recipients, followed prospectively for infectious disease events within the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study, we were interested to see if KIR genotype associated with virus infections other than CMV.
RESULT: We found that KIR B haplotypes (which have previously been linked to protection from CMV replication) were associated with protection from varicella zoster virus infection (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval, 0.21-0.91; P = 0.03). No significant associations were detected regarding the risk of herpes simplex, Epstein-Barr virus or BK polyomavirus infections.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these data provide evidence that the relative protection of KIR haplotype B from viral replication after solid organ transplantation may extend beyond CMV to other herpes viruses, such as varicella zoster virus and possibly Epstein-Barr virus.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Natural killer cell function is regulated by inhibitory and activating killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR). Previous studies have documented associations of KIR genotype with the risk of cytomegalovirus (CMV) replication after solid organ transplantation.
METHODS: In this study of 649 solid organ transplant recipients, followed prospectively for infectious disease events within the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study, we were interested to see if KIR genotype associated with virus infections other than CMV.
RESULT: We found that KIR B haplotypes (which have previously been linked to protection from CMV replication) were associated with protection from varicella zoster virus infection (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% confidence interval, 0.21-0.91; P = 0.03). No significant associations were detected regarding the risk of herpes simplex, Epstein-Barr virus or BK polyomavirus infections.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, these data provide evidence that the relative protection of KIR haplotype B from viral replication after solid organ transplantation may extend beyond CMV to other herpes viruses, such as varicella zoster virus and possibly Epstein-Barr virus.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:4 June 2015
Deposited On:17 Nov 2015 10:17
Last Modified:05 Jun 2016 00:00
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0041-1337
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/TP.0000000000000778
PubMed ID:26050016

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