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Evaluating the tolerability and acceptability of an alcohol-based hand rub - real-life experience with the WHO protocol


Wolfensberger, Aline; Durisch, Nina; Mertin, Juliane; Ajdler-Schaeffler, Evelyne; Sax, Hugo (2015). Evaluating the tolerability and acceptability of an alcohol-based hand rub - real-life experience with the WHO protocol. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 4(18):online.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Optimizing user satisfaction with alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR) may be vital to enhance hand hygiene performance. This study tested the tolerability and acceptability of a new ABHR (EVO9; Ecolab) in healthcare workers under daily working conditions and evaluated the practicability of the corresponding WHO protocol.
METHODS: We strictly applied the WHO single product ABHR evaluation protocol. A trained observer assessed hand skin conditions of healthy volunteers using at least 30 ml ABHR per day during their clinical work at baseline, day 3-5 and one month (visit 1-3). Participants rated ABHR tolerability and acceptability at visit 2 and 3. Additionally, we registered study time for participants and study team.
RESULTS: Among 46 volunteers, 76% were female; 37% nurses, 28% physicians. Skin was observer-rated "not" or "incidentally" dry in 64.4%, 77.8%, and 90.9% participants at visit 1, 2, and 3, respectively. EVO9 was scored ≥5 (progressive scale, 1-7) for appearance, intactness, moisture content, and sensation by 95.7%, 97.7%, 88.9%, and 97.8% participants at visit 3, respectively. All WHO benchmarks were exceeded except for "speed of drying" at visit 2, and "texture" at visit 2 and 3. Cumulative study time expenditure was 14 days for the observer and four days for participants.
CONCLUSIONS: EVO9 was well tolerated and accepted according to the WHO single ABHR evaluation protocol with the potential for improvement for stickiness. The WHO protocol is feasible but requires considerable time and logistics. It does not preclude bias, in this case especially due to the necessary switch to personal dispensers.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Optimizing user satisfaction with alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHR) may be vital to enhance hand hygiene performance. This study tested the tolerability and acceptability of a new ABHR (EVO9; Ecolab) in healthcare workers under daily working conditions and evaluated the practicability of the corresponding WHO protocol.
METHODS: We strictly applied the WHO single product ABHR evaluation protocol. A trained observer assessed hand skin conditions of healthy volunteers using at least 30 ml ABHR per day during their clinical work at baseline, day 3-5 and one month (visit 1-3). Participants rated ABHR tolerability and acceptability at visit 2 and 3. Additionally, we registered study time for participants and study team.
RESULTS: Among 46 volunteers, 76% were female; 37% nurses, 28% physicians. Skin was observer-rated "not" or "incidentally" dry in 64.4%, 77.8%, and 90.9% participants at visit 1, 2, and 3, respectively. EVO9 was scored ≥5 (progressive scale, 1-7) for appearance, intactness, moisture content, and sensation by 95.7%, 97.7%, 88.9%, and 97.8% participants at visit 3, respectively. All WHO benchmarks were exceeded except for "speed of drying" at visit 2, and "texture" at visit 2 and 3. Cumulative study time expenditure was 14 days for the observer and four days for participants.
CONCLUSIONS: EVO9 was well tolerated and accepted according to the WHO single ABHR evaluation protocol with the potential for improvement for stickiness. The WHO protocol is feasible but requires considerable time and logistics. It does not preclude bias, in this case especially due to the necessary switch to personal dispensers.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Infectious Diseases
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:17 Nov 2015 09:37
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 09:45
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:2047-2994
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-015-0052-9
PubMed ID:25945247

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