Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Histological analysis of loaded zirconia and titanium dental implants: an experimental study in the dog mandible


Thoma, Daniel S; Benic, Goran I; Muñoz, Fernando; Kohal, Ralf; Sanz Martin, Ignacio; Cantalapiedra, Antonio González; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Jung, Ronald E (2015). Histological analysis of loaded zirconia and titanium dental implants: an experimental study in the dog mandible. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 42(10):967-975.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To assess whether or not peri-implant soft tissue dimensions and hard tissue integration of loaded zirconia implants are similar to those of a titanium implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS In six dogs, two one-piece zirconia implants (VC, ZD), a two-piece zirconia implant (BPI) and a control one-piece titanium implant (STM) were randomly placed. CAD/CAM crowns were cemented at 6 months. Six months later, animals were killed and histomorphometric analyses were performed, including: the level of the mucosal margin, the extent of the peri-implant mucosa, the marginal bone loss and the bone-to-implant contact (BIC). Means of outcomes variables were calculated together with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS In general, the mucosal margin was located coronally to the implant shoulder. The buccal peri-implant mucosa ranged between 2.64 ± 0.70 mm (VC) and 3.03 ± 1.71 mm (ZD) (for all median comparisons p > 0.05). The relative marginal bone loss ranged between 0.65 ± 0.61 mm (BPI) and 1.73 ± 1.68 mm (ZD) (buccal side), and between 0.55 ± 0.37 mm (VC) and 1.69 ± 1.56 mm (ZD) (lingual side) (p > 0.05). The mean BIC ranged between 78.6% ± 17.3% (ZD) and 87.9% ± 13.6% (STM) without statistically significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS One- and two-piece zirconia rendered similar peri-implant soft tissue dimensions and osseointegration compared to titanium implants that were placed at 6 months of loading. Zirconia implants, however, exhibited a relatively high fracture rate.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To assess whether or not peri-implant soft tissue dimensions and hard tissue integration of loaded zirconia implants are similar to those of a titanium implant. MATERIALS AND METHODS In six dogs, two one-piece zirconia implants (VC, ZD), a two-piece zirconia implant (BPI) and a control one-piece titanium implant (STM) were randomly placed. CAD/CAM crowns were cemented at 6 months. Six months later, animals were killed and histomorphometric analyses were performed, including: the level of the mucosal margin, the extent of the peri-implant mucosa, the marginal bone loss and the bone-to-implant contact (BIC). Means of outcomes variables were calculated together with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS In general, the mucosal margin was located coronally to the implant shoulder. The buccal peri-implant mucosa ranged between 2.64 ± 0.70 mm (VC) and 3.03 ± 1.71 mm (ZD) (for all median comparisons p > 0.05). The relative marginal bone loss ranged between 0.65 ± 0.61 mm (BPI) and 1.73 ± 1.68 mm (ZD) (buccal side), and between 0.55 ± 0.37 mm (VC) and 1.69 ± 1.56 mm (ZD) (lingual side) (p > 0.05). The mean BIC ranged between 78.6% ± 17.3% (ZD) and 87.9% ± 13.6% (STM) without statistically significant differences between the groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS One- and two-piece zirconia rendered similar peri-implant soft tissue dimensions and osseointegration compared to titanium implants that were placed at 6 months of loading. Zirconia implants, however, exhibited a relatively high fracture rate.

Statistics

Citations

3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

12 downloads since deposited on 10 Dec 2015
10 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:12 September 2015
Deposited On:10 Dec 2015 14:59
Last Modified:01 Oct 2016 00:01
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0303-6979
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.12453
PubMed ID:26362505

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 5MB
View at publisher
Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 584kB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations