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Testing the convergent and discriminant validity of three implicit motive measures: PSE, OMT, and MMG


Schüler, Julia; Brandstätter, Veronika; Wegner, Mirko; Baumann, Nicola (2015). Testing the convergent and discriminant validity of three implicit motive measures: PSE, OMT, and MMG. Motivation & Emotion, 39(6):839-857.

Abstract

Implicit motive research has shown that implicit motives are important predictors of behavior and well-being. However, little is known about the interrelationship between the different implicit motives measures frequently applied. We aimed to shed light on the convergent validity of three implicit motive measures and wanted to test their assumed statistical independence from three explicit motive measures. Therefore, we administered the Picture Story Exercise (PSE), the Operant Motive Test (OMT), and the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG) in one and the same study. As explicit measures, we used the Personality Research Form, PRF, the Motive Enactment Test and a goal questionnaire. We investigated the statistical overlaps between all these measures (sample: 202 undergraduate students) and found that the implicit motive measures showed either no or only little correlation with each other. Furthermore, they also partly correlated with explicit motive measures. Supplementary analyses showed that the lack of statistical overlap between PSE and OMT can partly be ascribed to their different scoring systems.

Abstract

Implicit motive research has shown that implicit motives are important predictors of behavior and well-being. However, little is known about the interrelationship between the different implicit motives measures frequently applied. We aimed to shed light on the convergent validity of three implicit motive measures and wanted to test their assumed statistical independence from three explicit motive measures. Therefore, we administered the Picture Story Exercise (PSE), the Operant Motive Test (OMT), and the Multi-Motive Grid (MMG) in one and the same study. As explicit measures, we used the Personality Research Form, PRF, the Motive Enactment Test and a goal questionnaire. We investigated the statistical overlaps between all these measures (sample: 202 undergraduate students) and found that the implicit motive measures showed either no or only little correlation with each other. Furthermore, they also partly correlated with explicit motive measures. Supplementary analyses showed that the lack of statistical overlap between PSE and OMT can partly be ascribed to their different scoring systems.

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3 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:15 Dec 2015 10:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:39
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0146-7239
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11031-015-9502-1

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