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Long wavelength multiphoton excitation is advantageous for intravital kidney imaging


Schuh, C D; Haenni, D; Craigie, E; Ziegler, U; Weber, B; Devuyst, O; Hall, Andrew M (2016). Long wavelength multiphoton excitation is advantageous for intravital kidney imaging. Kidney International, 89(3):712-719.

Abstract

Intravital multiphoton microscopy is a powerful tool to study kidney physiology in living animals. However, certain technical issues have curbed its usage to date, including limited depth of tissue penetration and high background emission of endogenous signals. Most previous studies have used the excitation range 700–1000 nm. Since newer longer wavelength excitation lasers may provide solutions to these problems we constructed a microscope coupled to a laser tunable up to 1300 nm and optimized for kidney imaging. This set-up offers substantial advantages for intravital studies, especially when coupled with newly available far-red probes. First, the background at longer wavelengths is markedly reduced, thus increasing the signal to background ratio. Second, the depth of tissue penetration is significantly increased, enabling detailed imaging of previously inaccessible structures, such as deeper glomeruli. Third, using a combination of two- and three-photon excitation, multiple different fluorescent probes can be imaged simultaneously in the same animal, with clear spectral separation. Application of these techniques helped visualize pathological aspects of tubular cell function in a well-established model of acute kidney injury (maleate toxicity). Thus, utilizing long wavelength excitation offers substantial advantages for intravital kidney imaging, which together enhance the capabilities of this powerful and increasingly used research technique.

Abstract

Intravital multiphoton microscopy is a powerful tool to study kidney physiology in living animals. However, certain technical issues have curbed its usage to date, including limited depth of tissue penetration and high background emission of endogenous signals. Most previous studies have used the excitation range 700–1000 nm. Since newer longer wavelength excitation lasers may provide solutions to these problems we constructed a microscope coupled to a laser tunable up to 1300 nm and optimized for kidney imaging. This set-up offers substantial advantages for intravital studies, especially when coupled with newly available far-red probes. First, the background at longer wavelengths is markedly reduced, thus increasing the signal to background ratio. Second, the depth of tissue penetration is significantly increased, enabling detailed imaging of previously inaccessible structures, such as deeper glomeruli. Third, using a combination of two- and three-photon excitation, multiple different fluorescent probes can be imaged simultaneously in the same animal, with clear spectral separation. Application of these techniques helped visualize pathological aspects of tubular cell function in a well-established model of acute kidney injury (maleate toxicity). Thus, utilizing long wavelength excitation offers substantial advantages for intravital kidney imaging, which together enhance the capabilities of this powerful and increasingly used research technique.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Microscopy and Image Analysis
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Physiology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Physiology

04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:17 Dec 2015 09:41
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:39
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0085-2538
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ki.2015.323
PubMed ID:26509590

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