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Probability of responding: a return to the original Brunswik


Athanasou, James Anthony; Kaufmann, Esther (2015). Probability of responding: a return to the original Brunswik. Psychological Thought, 8(1):7-16.

Abstract

This paper traces the conceptual foundations of the Brunswik based Social Judgment Theory. The historical transition from measurement through probability of responding (i.e., a constancy ratio) to measurement via correlations is documented. It is shown that there are substantive limitations with the correlation approach for the idiographic analysis of human perception or decision-making. Instead, the constancy ratio developed originally by Brunswik as well as the measurement of the probability of accuracy in responding are better suited to the analysis of human responding under conditions of uncertainty and complexity. These measures are relevant for the development of psychological laws of individual responding. It was concluded that focusing on the probability of individual responses to situations through analysing the pattern of responding intensively is more consistent with the original approach of Brunswik.

Abstract

This paper traces the conceptual foundations of the Brunswik based Social Judgment Theory. The historical transition from measurement through probability of responding (i.e., a constancy ratio) to measurement via correlations is documented. It is shown that there are substantive limitations with the correlation approach for the idiographic analysis of human perception or decision-making. Instead, the constancy ratio developed originally by Brunswik as well as the measurement of the probability of accuracy in responding are better suited to the analysis of human responding under conditions of uncertainty and complexity. These measures are relevant for the development of psychological laws of individual responding. It was concluded that focusing on the probability of individual responses to situations through analysing the pattern of responding intensively is more consistent with the original approach of Brunswik.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:09 Dec 2015 11:06
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:39
Publisher:PsychOpen
ISSN:2193-7281
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.5964/psyct.v8i1.123
Related URLs:http://psyct.psychopen.eu/index.php/psyct (Publisher)

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Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0)

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