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Specific and redundant roles of PKBα/AKT1 and PKBβ/AKT2 in human pancreatic islets


Dietrich, Maren G; Zuellig, Richard A; Spinas, Giatgen A; Lehmann, Roger; Tschopp, Oliver; Niessen, Markus (2015). Specific and redundant roles of PKBα/AKT1 and PKBβ/AKT2 in human pancreatic islets. Experimental Cell Research, 338(1):82-88.

Abstract

Protein kinase Bα (PKBα)/AKT1 and PKBβ/AKT2 are required for normal peripheral insulin action but their role in pancreatic β cells remains enigmatic as indicated by the relatively mild islet phenotype of mice with deficiency for either one of these two isoforms. In this study we have analysed proliferation, apoptosis, β cell size and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in human islets overexpressing either PKBα or PKBβ. Our results reveal redundant and specific functions. Overexpression of either isoform resulted in increased β cell size, but insulin production and secretion remained unchanged. Proliferation and apoptosis of β cells were only significantly stimulated and inhibited, respectively, by PKBα/AKT1. Importantly, overexpression of PKBα/AKT1 in dissociated islets increased the ratio of β cells to non-β cells. These results confirm our previous findings obtained with rodent islets and strongly indicate that PKBα/AKT1 can regulate β cell mass also in human islets.

Abstract

Protein kinase Bα (PKBα)/AKT1 and PKBβ/AKT2 are required for normal peripheral insulin action but their role in pancreatic β cells remains enigmatic as indicated by the relatively mild islet phenotype of mice with deficiency for either one of these two isoforms. In this study we have analysed proliferation, apoptosis, β cell size and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in human islets overexpressing either PKBα or PKBβ. Our results reveal redundant and specific functions. Overexpression of either isoform resulted in increased β cell size, but insulin production and secretion remained unchanged. Proliferation and apoptosis of β cells were only significantly stimulated and inhibited, respectively, by PKBα/AKT1. Importantly, overexpression of PKBα/AKT1 in dissociated islets increased the ratio of β cells to non-β cells. These results confirm our previous findings obtained with rodent islets and strongly indicate that PKBα/AKT1 can regulate β cell mass also in human islets.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:15 October 2015
Deposited On:15 Dec 2015 11:27
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:41
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-4827
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yexcr.2015.08.008
PubMed ID:26318486

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