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Evaluation of the Bruker MALDI Biotyper for the identification of fastidious Gram-negative rods


Schulthess, Bettina; Bloemberg, Guido V; Zbinden, Andrea; Mouttet, Forouhar; Zbinden, Reinhard; Böttger, Erik C; Hombach, Michael (2016). Evaluation of the Bruker MALDI Biotyper for the identification of fastidious Gram-negative rods. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 54(3):543-548.

Abstract

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has entered clinical laboratories facilitating identification of bacteria. We here evaluated the MALDI Biotyper (Bruker Daltonics) for the identification of fastidious Gram-negative rods (GNR). Three sample preparation methods were analyzed for 151 clinical isolates: direct colony transfer, direct transfer plus on-target formic acid preparation, and ethanol-formic acid extraction. Direct colony transfer applied with the manufacturer's interpretation criteria resulted in overall species and genus identification rates of 43.0% and 32.5%, respectively. 23.2% of the isolates were not identified, and two misidentifications (1.3%) were observed. Species identification rates increased to 46.4% and 53.7% for direct transfer plus formic acid preparation and ethanol-formic acid extraction, respectively. In addition, we evaluated score value cutoff alterations. Identification rates were hardly increased by reducing the genus cutoff, while reducing the 2.0 species cutoff to 1.9 and to 1.8 increased identification rates to up to 66.2% without increasing the rate of misidentifications. This study shows that fastidious GNR can reliably be identified using the MALDI Biotyper. However, identification rates do not reach those of non-fastidious GNR such as the Enterobacteriaceae. In addition, two approaches optimizing the identification of fastidious GNR by the MALDI Biotyper were demonstrated: (i) formic acid based on-target sample treatment, and (ii) reduction of cutoff scores to increase species identification rates.

Abstract

Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has entered clinical laboratories facilitating identification of bacteria. We here evaluated the MALDI Biotyper (Bruker Daltonics) for the identification of fastidious Gram-negative rods (GNR). Three sample preparation methods were analyzed for 151 clinical isolates: direct colony transfer, direct transfer plus on-target formic acid preparation, and ethanol-formic acid extraction. Direct colony transfer applied with the manufacturer's interpretation criteria resulted in overall species and genus identification rates of 43.0% and 32.5%, respectively. 23.2% of the isolates were not identified, and two misidentifications (1.3%) were observed. Species identification rates increased to 46.4% and 53.7% for direct transfer plus formic acid preparation and ethanol-formic acid extraction, respectively. In addition, we evaluated score value cutoff alterations. Identification rates were hardly increased by reducing the genus cutoff, while reducing the 2.0 species cutoff to 1.9 and to 1.8 increased identification rates to up to 66.2% without increasing the rate of misidentifications. This study shows that fastidious GNR can reliably be identified using the MALDI Biotyper. However, identification rates do not reach those of non-fastidious GNR such as the Enterobacteriaceae. In addition, two approaches optimizing the identification of fastidious GNR by the MALDI Biotyper were demonstrated: (i) formic acid based on-target sample treatment, and (ii) reduction of cutoff scores to increase species identification rates.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:21 Dec 2015 14:13
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:43
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0095-1137
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1128/JCM.03107-15
PubMed ID:26659214

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