Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 in the peritoneal membrane of uremic patients


Kitterer, Daniel; Latus, Joerg; Ulmer, Christoph; Fritz, Peter; Biegger, Dagmar; Ott, German; Alscher, M Dominik; Witowski, Janusz; Kawka, Edyta; Jörres, Achim; Seeger, Harald; Segerer, Stephan; Braun, Niko (2015). Activation of nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 in the peritoneal membrane of uremic patients. American Journal of Physiology. Renal, Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology, 308(11):F1247-F1258.

Abstract

Peritoneal inflammation and fibrosis are responses to the uremic milieu and exposure to hyperosmolar dialysis fluids in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Cells respond to high osmolarity via the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT5). In the present study, the response of human peritoneal fibroblasts to glucose was analyzed in vitro. Expression levels of NFAT5 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL2) mRNA were quantified in peritoneal biopsies of five nonuremic control patients, five uremic patients before PD (pPD), and eight patients on PD (oPD) using real-time PCR. Biopsies from 5 control patients, 25 pPD patients, and 25 oPD patients were investigated using immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of NFAT5, CCL2, NF-κB p50, NF-κB p65, and CD68. High glucose concentrations led to an early, dose-dependent induction of NFAT5 mRNA in human peritoneal fibroblasts. CCL2 mRNA expression was upregulated by high concentrations of glucose after 6 h, but, most notably, a concentration-dependent induction of CCL2 was present after 96 h. In human peritoneal biopsies, NFAT5 mRNA levels were increased in uremic patients compared with nonuremic control patients. No significant difference was found between the pPD group and oPD group. CCL2 mRNA expression was higher in the oPD group. Immunohistochemistry analysis was consistent with the results of mRNA analysis. CD68-positive cells were significantly increased in the oPD group. In conclusion, uremia results in NFAT5 induction, which might promote early changes of the peritoneum. Upregulation of NFAT5 in PD patients is associated with NFκB induction, potentially resulting in the recruitment of macrophages.

Abstract

Peritoneal inflammation and fibrosis are responses to the uremic milieu and exposure to hyperosmolar dialysis fluids in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Cells respond to high osmolarity via the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT5). In the present study, the response of human peritoneal fibroblasts to glucose was analyzed in vitro. Expression levels of NFAT5 and chemokine (C-C motif) ligand (CCL2) mRNA were quantified in peritoneal biopsies of five nonuremic control patients, five uremic patients before PD (pPD), and eight patients on PD (oPD) using real-time PCR. Biopsies from 5 control patients, 25 pPD patients, and 25 oPD patients were investigated using immunohistochemistry to detect the expression of NFAT5, CCL2, NF-κB p50, NF-κB p65, and CD68. High glucose concentrations led to an early, dose-dependent induction of NFAT5 mRNA in human peritoneal fibroblasts. CCL2 mRNA expression was upregulated by high concentrations of glucose after 6 h, but, most notably, a concentration-dependent induction of CCL2 was present after 96 h. In human peritoneal biopsies, NFAT5 mRNA levels were increased in uremic patients compared with nonuremic control patients. No significant difference was found between the pPD group and oPD group. CCL2 mRNA expression was higher in the oPD group. Immunohistochemistry analysis was consistent with the results of mRNA analysis. CD68-positive cells were significantly increased in the oPD group. In conclusion, uremia results in NFAT5 induction, which might promote early changes of the peritoneum. Upregulation of NFAT5 in PD patients is associated with NFκB induction, potentially resulting in the recruitment of macrophages.

Statistics

Citations

4 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nephrology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:1 June 2015
Deposited On:21 Dec 2015 10:09
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 16:05
Publisher:American Physiological Society
ISSN:1522-1466
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1152/ajprenal.00617.2014
PubMed ID:25834072

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher