Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Cross-border outbreak of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Bovismorbificans: multiple approaches for an outbreak investigation in Germany and Switzerland


Knoblauch, Astrid M; Bratschi, Martin W; Zuske, Meike K; Althaus, Denise; Stephan, Roger; Hächler, Herbert; Baumgartner, Andreas; Prager, Rita; Rabsch, Wolfgang; Altpeter, Ekkehardt; Jost, Marianne; Mäusezahl, Mirjam; Hatz, Christoph; Kiefer, Sabine (2015). Cross-border outbreak of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Bovismorbificans: multiple approaches for an outbreak investigation in Germany and Switzerland. Swiss Medical Weekly, 145:w14182.

Abstract

QUESTION UNDER STUDY In July 2014, an outbreak of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Bovismorbificans was detected in Switzerland. The goal of the outbreak investigation was to rapidly identify and eliminate the contamination source in order to prevent new cases. METHODS A case-case study design was applied comprising reported cases of S. Bovismorbificans and cases of other serovars. A trawling questionnaire was administered by telephone interview. Data were collected for 34 cases (20 S. Bovismorbificans and 14 Salmonella spp.) pertaining to food consumption during the 72 hours prior to symptom onset. RESULTS A statistically significant association between an S. Bovismorbificans infection and the consumption of 'salads' (odds ratio [OR] 14.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47-138.27) as well as the consumption of 'sprouts' (OR 10.6, 95% CI 1.16-97.59) was found. Principal places of consumption of 'salads' and 'sprouts' in outbreak cases were restaurants in southern Germany (80.0%, 95% CI 56.3%-94.3%). Microbiological analysis in Germany identified S. Bovismorbificans on sprouts, and genotype analysis confirmed that Swiss and German cases shared the same outbreak strain. The contaminated products were removed from the market in Germany, preventing an on-going outbreak. CONCLUSION The combination of the applied methods and the collaboration between the two countries proved to be crucial elements of this investigation. A series of sprouts-associated salmonellosis outbreaks underpin the importance of this vegetable as a potential food-borne pathogen carrier.

Abstract

QUESTION UNDER STUDY In July 2014, an outbreak of Salmonella enterica ssp. enterica serovar Bovismorbificans was detected in Switzerland. The goal of the outbreak investigation was to rapidly identify and eliminate the contamination source in order to prevent new cases. METHODS A case-case study design was applied comprising reported cases of S. Bovismorbificans and cases of other serovars. A trawling questionnaire was administered by telephone interview. Data were collected for 34 cases (20 S. Bovismorbificans and 14 Salmonella spp.) pertaining to food consumption during the 72 hours prior to symptom onset. RESULTS A statistically significant association between an S. Bovismorbificans infection and the consumption of 'salads' (odds ratio [OR] 14.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.47-138.27) as well as the consumption of 'sprouts' (OR 10.6, 95% CI 1.16-97.59) was found. Principal places of consumption of 'salads' and 'sprouts' in outbreak cases were restaurants in southern Germany (80.0%, 95% CI 56.3%-94.3%). Microbiological analysis in Germany identified S. Bovismorbificans on sprouts, and genotype analysis confirmed that Swiss and German cases shared the same outbreak strain. The contaminated products were removed from the market in Germany, preventing an on-going outbreak. CONCLUSION The combination of the applied methods and the collaboration between the two countries proved to be crucial elements of this investigation. A series of sprouts-associated salmonellosis outbreaks underpin the importance of this vegetable as a potential food-borne pathogen carrier.

Statistics

Citations

2 citations in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

9 downloads since deposited on 29 Dec 2015
4 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:29 Dec 2015 10:04
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:47
Publisher:EMH Swiss Medical Publishers
ISSN:0036-7672
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4414/smw.2015.14182
PubMed ID:26430716

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 824kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations