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Diverting autophagic membranes for exocytosis


Nowag, Heike; Münz, Christian (2015). Diverting autophagic membranes for exocytosis. Autophagy, 11(2):425-427.

Abstract

We have recently shown that the Epstein Barr virus (EBV) incorporates the autophagic membrane label LC3B-II into mature virus particles. Upon EBV production, autophagic membranes are stabilized and infectious viral particle production is dependent on these, because ATG protein-deficiency dampens, whereas rapamycin induces, infectious particle production. Moreover, viral DNA accumulates in the cytosol when macroautophagy is impaired. We therefore conclude that EBV needs autophagic membranes for efficient enveloping during infectious viral particle production. Here, we discuss how EBV might incorporate lipidated LC3B (LC3B-II) into the viral envelope and how other viruses as well as cellular processes customize the macroautophagy machinery for exocytosis in the context of unconventional secretion.

Abstract

We have recently shown that the Epstein Barr virus (EBV) incorporates the autophagic membrane label LC3B-II into mature virus particles. Upon EBV production, autophagic membranes are stabilized and infectious viral particle production is dependent on these, because ATG protein-deficiency dampens, whereas rapamycin induces, infectious particle production. Moreover, viral DNA accumulates in the cytosol when macroautophagy is impaired. We therefore conclude that EBV needs autophagic membranes for efficient enveloping during infectious viral particle production. Here, we discuss how EBV might incorporate lipidated LC3B (LC3B-II) into the viral envelope and how other viruses as well as cellular processes customize the macroautophagy machinery for exocytosis in the context of unconventional secretion.

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6 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:07 Jan 2016 15:15
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 16:39
Publisher:Landes Bioscience
ISSN:1554-8627
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/15548627.2015.1009793
PubMed ID:25701081

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