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Comparison of multiple models for remote sensing of carbon exchange using MODIS data in conifer-dominated forests


Tang, Xuguang; Li, Hengpeng; Desai, Ankur R; Xu, Xibao; Xie, Jing (2014). Comparison of multiple models for remote sensing of carbon exchange using MODIS data in conifer-dominated forests. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 35(24):8252-8271.

Abstract

Boreal forests in the northern hemisphere provide important sinks for storing carbon dioxide (CO₂). However, the size and distribution of these sinks remain uncertain. In particular, many remote-sensing models show a strong bias in the simulation of carbon fluxes for evergreen needleleaf forest. The objective of this study is to improve these predictive models for accurately quantifying temporal changes in the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of conifer-dominated forest solely based on satellite remote sensing,
including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra daytime land-surface temperature (LST), night-time LST′, enhanced vegetation index (EVI), land–surface water index (LSWI), fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR), and leaf area index (LAI). Considering that the component fluxes, gross primary production (GPP), and ecosystem respiration (Re), are strongly influenced by vegetation phenology, seasonality information was extracted from timeseries MODIS EVI data based on non-linear least-squares fits of asymmetric Gaussian model functions with a software package for analysing the time-series of satellite sensor data (TIMESAT). The results indicated that models directly incorporating phenological information failed to improve their performance for temperate deciduous forest. Instead, three methods to retrieve the component fluxes – GPP and Re – including direct estimates, models incorporating the phenological information, and models developed based on the threshold value (LST 273 K), were explored respectively. All methods improved NEE estimates markedly and models developed based on the threshold value performed best, and provided a future framework for accurate remote sensing of NEE in evergreen forest.

Abstract

Boreal forests in the northern hemisphere provide important sinks for storing carbon dioxide (CO₂). However, the size and distribution of these sinks remain uncertain. In particular, many remote-sensing models show a strong bias in the simulation of carbon fluxes for evergreen needleleaf forest. The objective of this study is to improve these predictive models for accurately quantifying temporal changes in the net ecosystem exchange (NEE) of conifer-dominated forest solely based on satellite remote sensing,
including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Terra daytime land-surface temperature (LST), night-time LST′, enhanced vegetation index (EVI), land–surface water index (LSWI), fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR), and leaf area index (LAI). Considering that the component fluxes, gross primary production (GPP), and ecosystem respiration (Re), are strongly influenced by vegetation phenology, seasonality information was extracted from timeseries MODIS EVI data based on non-linear least-squares fits of asymmetric Gaussian model functions with a software package for analysing the time-series of satellite sensor data (TIMESAT). The results indicated that models directly incorporating phenological information failed to improve their performance for temperate deciduous forest. Instead, three methods to retrieve the component fluxes – GPP and Re – including direct estimates, models incorporating the phenological information, and models developed based on the threshold value (LST 273 K), were explored respectively. All methods improved NEE estimates markedly and models developed based on the threshold value performed best, and provided a future framework for accurate remote sensing of NEE in evergreen forest.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Language:English
Date:2014
Deposited On:06 Jan 2016 13:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:50
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0143-1161
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/01431161.2014.981644

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