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Quantitative erivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation


Benedikter, Niels; de Oliveira, Gustavo; Schlein, Benjamin (2015). Quantitative erivation of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Communications on Pure and Applied Mathematics, 68(8):1399-1482.

Abstract

Starting from first-principle many-body quantum dynamics, we show that the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates can be approximated by the time-dependent nonlinear Gross-Pitaevskii equation, giving a bound on the rate of the convergence. Initial data are constructed on the bosonic Fock space applying an appropriate Bogoliubov transformation on a coherent state with expected number of particles $\mathit{N}$. The Bogoliubov transformation plays a crucial role; it produces the correct microscopic correlations among the particles. Our analysis shows that, on the level of the one-particle reduced density, the form of the initial data is preserved by the many-body evolution, up to a small error that vanishes as $\mathit{N}^{-1/2}$ in the limit of large $\mathit{N}$.

Abstract

Starting from first-principle many-body quantum dynamics, we show that the dynamics of Bose-Einstein condensates can be approximated by the time-dependent nonlinear Gross-Pitaevskii equation, giving a bound on the rate of the convergence. Initial data are constructed on the bosonic Fock space applying an appropriate Bogoliubov transformation on a coherent state with expected number of particles $\mathit{N}$. The Bogoliubov transformation plays a crucial role; it produces the correct microscopic correlations among the particles. Our analysis shows that, on the level of the one-particle reduced density, the form of the initial data is preserved by the many-body evolution, up to a small error that vanishes as $\mathit{N}^{-1/2}$ in the limit of large $\mathit{N}$.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics
Dewey Decimal Classification:510 Mathematics
Language:English
Date:August 2015
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 08:20
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:51
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0010-3640
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/cpa.21542

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