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The short- and long-term outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer in Child A patients are acceptable: a patient-control study from the Surgical French Association report for pancreatic surgery


Regimbeau, Jean-Marc; Rebibo, Lionel; Dokmak, Safi; Boher, Jean-Marie; Sauvanet, Alain; Chopin-Laly, Xavier; Adham, Mustapha; Lesurtel, Mickaël; Bigourdan, Jean-Marc; Truant, Stéphanie; Pruvot, François-René; Ortega-Deballon, Pablo; Paye, François; Bachellier, Philippe; Delpero, Jean-Robert (2015). The short- and long-term outcomes of pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer in Child A patients are acceptable: a patient-control study from the Surgical French Association report for pancreatic surgery. Journal of Surgical Oncology, 111(6):776-783.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: On the basis of now dated studies, cirrhosis is usually considered to be a contraindication in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head (APH).
OBJECTIVE: Examine the outcomes of PD for APH in the presence of cirrhosis.
METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter study of cirrhotic patients with APH having undergone PD between January 2004 and March 2012. Cirrhotic patients were matched 1:2 for demographic, surgical and histologic criteria with non-cirrhotic patients. Primary endpoint was morbidity and mortality. Secondary endpoints were surgical parameters, morbidity related to pancreatic surgery and cirrhosis, and follow-up.
RESULTS: We included 35 patients with cirrhosis. Twenty-four patients (69%) were Child A and none were Child C. The Child A cirrhotic patients and non-cirrhotic patients respectively had complication rates of 79% vs. 43% (P = 0.002), major complication rates of 33% vs. 21% (P = 0.26), pancreatic fistula rates of 13% vs. 9% (P = 0.57), post-operative mortality of 4% vs. 5% (P = 0.94), 3-year overall survival rates of 44% vs. 50% (P = 0.46). All Child B cirrhotic patients experienced post-operative complications.
CONCLUSION: Pancreatoduodenectomy for APH was possible in Child A cirrhotic patients with a mortality and long-term outcomes equivalent to non-cirrhotic patients. Child B cirrhosis remains a clear contraindication to surgery.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: On the basis of now dated studies, cirrhosis is usually considered to be a contraindication in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) for adenocarcinoma of the pancreatic head (APH).
OBJECTIVE: Examine the outcomes of PD for APH in the presence of cirrhosis.
METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter study of cirrhotic patients with APH having undergone PD between January 2004 and March 2012. Cirrhotic patients were matched 1:2 for demographic, surgical and histologic criteria with non-cirrhotic patients. Primary endpoint was morbidity and mortality. Secondary endpoints were surgical parameters, morbidity related to pancreatic surgery and cirrhosis, and follow-up.
RESULTS: We included 35 patients with cirrhosis. Twenty-four patients (69%) were Child A and none were Child C. The Child A cirrhotic patients and non-cirrhotic patients respectively had complication rates of 79% vs. 43% (P = 0.002), major complication rates of 33% vs. 21% (P = 0.26), pancreatic fistula rates of 13% vs. 9% (P = 0.57), post-operative mortality of 4% vs. 5% (P = 0.94), 3-year overall survival rates of 44% vs. 50% (P = 0.46). All Child B cirrhotic patients experienced post-operative complications.
CONCLUSION: Pancreatoduodenectomy for APH was possible in Child A cirrhotic patients with a mortality and long-term outcomes equivalent to non-cirrhotic patients. Child B cirrhosis remains a clear contraindication to surgery.

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3 citations in Web of Science®
5 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Visceral and Transplantation Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2015
Deposited On:26 Jan 2016 11:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 19:54
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-4790
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.23856
PubMed ID:25663324

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