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Vedolizumab bei Colitis ulcerosa und Morbus Crohn: eine Standortbestimmung


Schreiber, S; Dignass, A U; Hartmann, H; Kruis, W; Rogler, G; Siegmund, B; Stallmach, A; Witte, C; Bokemeyer, B (2015). Vedolizumab bei Colitis ulcerosa und Morbus Crohn: eine Standortbestimmung. Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie, 53(6):591-602.

Abstract

Vedolizumab, the first drug in the class of anti-integrin molecules, is newly approved for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease and can be prescribed in Germany since mid-2014. By a specific receptor binding a relatively gut-selective mode of action was achieved without the known side effects of the systemic immunosuppression of the anti-TNF-alpha antibodies. According to the present data the safety profile of Vedolizumab appears to be more favorable than that of the anti-TNF- alpha therapy. Vedolizumab is suitable for induction therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, however the kinetic of response compared with the anti-TNF-alpha antibodies seems to be slower. For maintenance therapy the Vedolizumab data show a deep and sustained remission in patients initially responding to induction therapy with a lower loss of efficacy in the long-term treatment known from the anti-TNF-alpha therapy. On the basis of currently available data the efficacy of Vedolizumab in ulcerative colitis appears to be slightly better than in Crohn's disease.

Abstract

Vedolizumab, the first drug in the class of anti-integrin molecules, is newly approved for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease and can be prescribed in Germany since mid-2014. By a specific receptor binding a relatively gut-selective mode of action was achieved without the known side effects of the systemic immunosuppression of the anti-TNF-alpha antibodies. According to the present data the safety profile of Vedolizumab appears to be more favorable than that of the anti-TNF- alpha therapy. Vedolizumab is suitable for induction therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, however the kinetic of response compared with the anti-TNF-alpha antibodies seems to be slower. For maintenance therapy the Vedolizumab data show a deep and sustained remission in patients initially responding to induction therapy with a lower loss of efficacy in the long-term treatment known from the anti-TNF-alpha therapy. On the basis of currently available data the efficacy of Vedolizumab in ulcerative colitis appears to be slightly better than in Crohn's disease.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Current position on Vedolizumab for ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2015
Deposited On:26 Jan 2016 17:55
Last Modified:01 Jul 2016 00:01
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0044-2771
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0034-1399400
PubMed ID:26016456

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