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Biodegradation of different synthetic hydrogels made of polyethylene glycol hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications: an immunohistochemical study in rats


Herten, M; Jung, R E; Ferrari, D; Rothamel, D; Golubovic, V; Molenberg, A; Hämmerle, C H F; Becker, Jürgen; Schwarz, F (2009). Biodegradation of different synthetic hydrogels made of polyethylene glycol hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications: an immunohistochemical study in rats. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 20(2):116-125.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the pattern of biodegradation of different polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications in rats. Material and methods: Two different hydrogels were employed: (i) a combination of four-arm PEG-thiol, M(n)=2.3 kDa, and eight-arm PEG-acrylate, M(n)=2.3 kDa (PEG1); and (ii) a combination of four-arm PEG-thiol, M(n)=2.3 kDa, and four-arm PEG-acrylate, M(n)=15 kDa (PEG2). Both PEG1 and PEG2 were either used alone or combined with a nine amino acid cys-RGD peptide (RGD). A non-cross-linked porcine type I and III collagen membrane [BioGide((R)) (BG)] served as control. Specimens were randomly allocated in unconnected subcutaneous pouches separated surgically on the back of 60 wistar rats, which were divided into six groups (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks). Specimens were prepared for histological (tissue integration, foreign body reactions, biodegradation) and immunohistochemical (angiogenesis) analysis. Results: All materials investigated revealed unimpeded and comparable tissue integration without any signs of foreign body reactions. While BG exhibited transmembraneous blood vessel formation at 1 week, all PEG specimens were just surrounded by a well-vascularized connective tissue. The hydrolytic disruption of PEG1 and PEG1/RGD specimens was associated with an ingrowth of blood vessels at 4 weeks. Biodegradation times were highest for PEG1 (24 weeks)>PEG1/RGD (16 weeks)>BG (4 weeks)>PEG2=PEG2/RGD (2 weeks). Conclusion: Within the limits of the present study, it was concluded that (i) all materials investigated revealed a high biocompatibility and tissue integration, and (ii) hydrogel biodegradation was dependent on PEG composition. To cite this article: Herten M, Jung RE, Ferrari D, Rothamel D, Golubovic V, Molenberg A, Hämmerle CHF, Becker J, Schwarz F. Biodegradation of different synthetic hydrogels made of polyethylene glycol hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications: an immunohistochemical study in rats.

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to investigate the pattern of biodegradation of different polyethylene glycol (PEG) hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications in rats. Material and methods: Two different hydrogels were employed: (i) a combination of four-arm PEG-thiol, M(n)=2.3 kDa, and eight-arm PEG-acrylate, M(n)=2.3 kDa (PEG1); and (ii) a combination of four-arm PEG-thiol, M(n)=2.3 kDa, and four-arm PEG-acrylate, M(n)=15 kDa (PEG2). Both PEG1 and PEG2 were either used alone or combined with a nine amino acid cys-RGD peptide (RGD). A non-cross-linked porcine type I and III collagen membrane [BioGide((R)) (BG)] served as control. Specimens were randomly allocated in unconnected subcutaneous pouches separated surgically on the back of 60 wistar rats, which were divided into six groups (1, 2, 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks). Specimens were prepared for histological (tissue integration, foreign body reactions, biodegradation) and immunohistochemical (angiogenesis) analysis. Results: All materials investigated revealed unimpeded and comparable tissue integration without any signs of foreign body reactions. While BG exhibited transmembraneous blood vessel formation at 1 week, all PEG specimens were just surrounded by a well-vascularized connective tissue. The hydrolytic disruption of PEG1 and PEG1/RGD specimens was associated with an ingrowth of blood vessels at 4 weeks. Biodegradation times were highest for PEG1 (24 weeks)>PEG1/RGD (16 weeks)>BG (4 weeks)>PEG2=PEG2/RGD (2 weeks). Conclusion: Within the limits of the present study, it was concluded that (i) all materials investigated revealed a high biocompatibility and tissue integration, and (ii) hydrogel biodegradation was dependent on PEG composition. To cite this article: Herten M, Jung RE, Ferrari D, Rothamel D, Golubovic V, Molenberg A, Hämmerle CHF, Becker J, Schwarz F. Biodegradation of different synthetic hydrogels made of polyethylene glycol hydrogel/RGD-peptide modifications: an immunohistochemical study in rats.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2009
Deposited On:12 Mar 2009 18:40
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:55
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0905-7161
Additional Information:The attached file is a preprint (accepted version) of an article published in [Clinical Oral Implants Research,2009;20(2):116-125].
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0501.2008.01622.x
PubMed ID:19077154

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