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Einheitliches ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω für den Hahnenschrei im Neuen Testament? Das Kompositum ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mt 26:34 v.l. und 26:75 v.l.


Kraus, Thomas J (2015). Einheitliches ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω für den Hahnenschrei im Neuen Testament? Das Kompositum ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mt 26:34 v.l. und 26:75 v.l. Novum Testamentum, 57(1):20-41.

Abstract

The four canonical gospels present the consistent sequence ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω for the cock’s crow in Peter’s actual denial and its prediction by Jesus. The compound ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mark 13:35 is the only alternative lexeme for the cock’s crow and, due to its single occurrence in the Greek Bible a hapax legomenon. In this study I follow up the variae lectiones in Matt 26:34 and 26:75, where the compound is backed by considerable and distinguished textual witnesses. By means of a validation of the attestation of these variae lectiones in the established critical editions of the New Testament it will be shown that their representation is often insufficient and incomplete. A speculative scenario will be created on the basis of the quality of the attestation of ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Matt 26:34 and 26:75 in order to make the compound plausible as the original reading. In addition, all this relativizes the importance and validity of the term hapax legomenon.

Abstract

The four canonical gospels present the consistent sequence ἀλέκτωρ + φωνέω for the cock’s crow in Peter’s actual denial and its prediction by Jesus. The compound ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Mark 13:35 is the only alternative lexeme for the cock’s crow and, due to its single occurrence in the Greek Bible a hapax legomenon. In this study I follow up the variae lectiones in Matt 26:34 and 26:75, where the compound is backed by considerable and distinguished textual witnesses. By means of a validation of the attestation of these variae lectiones in the established critical editions of the New Testament it will be shown that their representation is often insufficient and incomplete. A speculative scenario will be created on the basis of the quality of the attestation of ἀλεκτοροφωνία in Matt 26:34 and 26:75 in order to make the compound plausible as the original reading. In addition, all this relativizes the importance and validity of the term hapax legomenon.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of Theology
Dewey Decimal Classification:230 Christianity & Christian theology
Uncontrolled Keywords:ἀλεκτοροφωνία; Mk 13:35; Textkritik; hapax legomena; Mt 26:34,75; Hahnenschrei
Language:German
Date:2015
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 07:43
Last Modified:01 Apr 2017 00:00
Publisher:Brill
ISSN:0048-1009
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1163/15685365-12341463

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