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Interneuron- and GABA(A) receptor-specific inhibitory synaptic plasticity in cerebellar Purkinje cells


He, Qionger; Duguid, Ian; Clark, Beverley; Panzanelli, Patrizia; Patel, Bijal; Thomas, Philip; Fritschy, Jean-Marc; Smart, Trevor G (2015). Interneuron- and GABA(A) receptor-specific inhibitory synaptic plasticity in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Nature Communications, 6:7364.

Abstract

Inhibitory synaptic plasticity is important for shaping both neuronal excitability and network activity. Here we investigate the input and GABA(A) receptor subunit specificity of inhibitory synaptic plasticity by studying cerebellar interneuron-Purkinje cell (PC) synapses. Depolarizing PCs initiated a long-lasting increase in GABA-mediated synaptic currents. By stimulating individual interneurons, this plasticity was observed at somatodendritic basket cell synapses, but not at distal dendritic stellate cell synapses. Basket cell synapses predominantly express β2-subunit-containing GABA(A) receptors; deletion of the β2-subunit ablates this plasticity, demonstrating its reliance on GABA(A) receptor subunit composition. The increase in synaptic currents is dependent upon an increase in newly synthesized cell surface synaptic GABA(A) receptors and is abolished by preventing CaMKII phosphorylation of GABA(A) receptors. Our results reveal a novel GABA(A) receptor subunit- and input-specific form of inhibitory synaptic plasticity that regulates the temporal firing pattern of the principal output cells of the cerebellum.

Abstract

Inhibitory synaptic plasticity is important for shaping both neuronal excitability and network activity. Here we investigate the input and GABA(A) receptor subunit specificity of inhibitory synaptic plasticity by studying cerebellar interneuron-Purkinje cell (PC) synapses. Depolarizing PCs initiated a long-lasting increase in GABA-mediated synaptic currents. By stimulating individual interneurons, this plasticity was observed at somatodendritic basket cell synapses, but not at distal dendritic stellate cell synapses. Basket cell synapses predominantly express β2-subunit-containing GABA(A) receptors; deletion of the β2-subunit ablates this plasticity, demonstrating its reliance on GABA(A) receptor subunit composition. The increase in synaptic currents is dependent upon an increase in newly synthesized cell surface synaptic GABA(A) receptors and is abolished by preventing CaMKII phosphorylation of GABA(A) receptors. Our results reveal a novel GABA(A) receptor subunit- and input-specific form of inhibitory synaptic plasticity that regulates the temporal firing pattern of the principal output cells of the cerebellum.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:16 July 2015
Deposited On:03 Feb 2016 10:10
Last Modified:13 Aug 2017 09:31
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms8364
PubMed ID:26179122

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