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Initial experience with the cook formula balloon expandable stent in congenital heart disease


Quandt, Daniel; Ramchandani, Bharat; Bhole, Vinay; Penford, Gemma; Mehta, Chetan; Dhillon, Rami; Stumper, Oliver (2015). Initial experience with the cook formula balloon expandable stent in congenital heart disease. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions, 85(2):259-266.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Balloon expandable stents are an integral part in the catheter treatment of congenital heart disease. In the growing child, stents require dilatation to greater diameters over time. The Cook Formula stent is a recent 316 stainless steel open-cell design licensed for peripheral vascular work.
METHODS: Following extensive ex vivo studies, 112 stents were implanted in 97 children [median age 3.9 (0.01-17.6) years; median weight 13.7 (2.4-62.8) kg] over a 27-month (Oct 2011-Dec 2013) period.
RESULTS: Bench testing revealed that there was no stent shortening for dilatation to nominal diameter and beyond. The 5 mm stents could be dilated up to 10 mm, and the 10 mm stents to 20 mm. Stents were implanted through 4-7F sheaths or guide catheters over appropriate wires. Stent tracking and delivery was excellent. Twenty-three stents were implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract in Fallot-type lesions, 53 for branch pulmonary artery stenosis (22 post cavopulmonary shunt/Fontan), 14 conduit stenosis, 13 Fontan fenestrations, 3 PDA in hybrid stage I Norwood, 5 in coarctation, and 1 for SVC obstruction. Sixty-one stents (54%) were overdilated. There were no stent fractures. Radial strength was very good, whereas stent conformability was limited.
CONCLUSIONS: The Cook Formula stent is a premounted balloon-expandable stent that can be significantly overdilated with virtually no shortening allowing for precise placement and minimal protrusion into adjacent vessels. The Formula stent is a very versatile addition to the range of stents for use in the catheter treatment of complex congenital heart disease in children. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Balloon expandable stents are an integral part in the catheter treatment of congenital heart disease. In the growing child, stents require dilatation to greater diameters over time. The Cook Formula stent is a recent 316 stainless steel open-cell design licensed for peripheral vascular work.
METHODS: Following extensive ex vivo studies, 112 stents were implanted in 97 children [median age 3.9 (0.01-17.6) years; median weight 13.7 (2.4-62.8) kg] over a 27-month (Oct 2011-Dec 2013) period.
RESULTS: Bench testing revealed that there was no stent shortening for dilatation to nominal diameter and beyond. The 5 mm stents could be dilated up to 10 mm, and the 10 mm stents to 20 mm. Stents were implanted through 4-7F sheaths or guide catheters over appropriate wires. Stent tracking and delivery was excellent. Twenty-three stents were implanted in the right ventricular outflow tract in Fallot-type lesions, 53 for branch pulmonary artery stenosis (22 post cavopulmonary shunt/Fontan), 14 conduit stenosis, 13 Fontan fenestrations, 3 PDA in hybrid stage I Norwood, 5 in coarctation, and 1 for SVC obstruction. Sixty-one stents (54%) were overdilated. There were no stent fractures. Radial strength was very good, whereas stent conformability was limited.
CONCLUSIONS: The Cook Formula stent is a premounted balloon-expandable stent that can be significantly overdilated with virtually no shortening allowing for precise placement and minimal protrusion into adjacent vessels. The Formula stent is a very versatile addition to the range of stents for use in the catheter treatment of complex congenital heart disease in children. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 February 2015
Deposited On:28 Jan 2016 14:02
Last Modified:14 Feb 2018 10:49
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1522-1946
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.25543
PubMed ID:24824198

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