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Histopathological and immunophenotypical criteria for the diagnosis of Sézary syndrome in differentiation from other erythrodermic skin diseases: a European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force Study of 97 cases


Klemke, C D; Booken, N; Weiss, C; Nicolay, J P; Goerdt, S; Felcht, M; Géraud, C; Kempf, W; Assaf, C; Ortonne, N; Battistella, M; Bagot, M; Knobler, R; Quaglino, P; Arheiliger, B; Santucci, M; Jansen, P; Vermeer, M H; Willemze, R (2015). Histopathological and immunophenotypical criteria for the diagnosis of Sézary syndrome in differentiation from other erythrodermic skin diseases: a European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force Study of 97 cases. British Journal of Dermatology, 173(1):93-105.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with erythrodermic disease are a diagnostic challenge regarding the clinical and histological differential diagnosis.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnostic markers for Sézary syndrome.
METHODS: Ninety-seven erythrodermic cases [Sézary syndrome (SS), n = 57; erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses (EIDs), n = 40] were collected by the EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force histopathology group. Evaluation criteria were (i) epidermal and dermal changes; (ii) morphology of the infiltrate; (iii) immunohistochemical analysis of marker loss (CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5 and CD7); (iv) bystander infiltrate by staining for CD8, FOXP3 and CD25; and (v) expression of Ki-67, CD30, PD-1 and MUM-1.
RESULTS: The workshop panel made a correct diagnosis of SS in 51% of cases (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma 81%) and of EID in 80% without clinical or laboratory data. Histology revealed a significantly increased degree of epidermotropism (P < 0.001) and more intraepidermal atypical lymphocytes (P = 0.0014) in SS biopsies compared with EID. Pautrier microabscesses were seen only in SS (23%) and not in EID (P = 0.0012). SS showed significantly more dermal cerebriform and blastic lymphocytes than EID. Immunohistochemistry revealed a significant loss of CD7 expression (< 50%) in 33 of 51 (65%) cases of SS compared with two of 35 (6%) EID (P < 0.001). The lymphocytic infiltrate in SS skin samples was found significantly to express PD-1 (P = 0.0053), MUM-1 (P = 0.0017) and Ki-67 (P < 0.001), and showed less infiltration of CD8(+) lymphocytes (P < 0.001). A multivariate analysis identified CD7 loss, increased numbers of small cerebriform lymphocytes, low numbers of CD8(+) lymphocytes and increased proliferation (Ki-67(+) lymphocytes) as the strongest indicators for the diagnosis of SS.
CONCLUSIONS: A number of different histological and immunophenotypical criteria are required to differentiate between SS and EIDs.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Patients with erythrodermic disease are a diagnostic challenge regarding the clinical and histological differential diagnosis.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate histopathological and immunohistochemical diagnostic markers for Sézary syndrome.
METHODS: Ninety-seven erythrodermic cases [Sézary syndrome (SS), n = 57; erythrodermic inflammatory dermatoses (EIDs), n = 40] were collected by the EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force histopathology group. Evaluation criteria were (i) epidermal and dermal changes; (ii) morphology of the infiltrate; (iii) immunohistochemical analysis of marker loss (CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5 and CD7); (iv) bystander infiltrate by staining for CD8, FOXP3 and CD25; and (v) expression of Ki-67, CD30, PD-1 and MUM-1.
RESULTS: The workshop panel made a correct diagnosis of SS in 51% of cases (cutaneous T-cell lymphoma 81%) and of EID in 80% without clinical or laboratory data. Histology revealed a significantly increased degree of epidermotropism (P < 0.001) and more intraepidermal atypical lymphocytes (P = 0.0014) in SS biopsies compared with EID. Pautrier microabscesses were seen only in SS (23%) and not in EID (P = 0.0012). SS showed significantly more dermal cerebriform and blastic lymphocytes than EID. Immunohistochemistry revealed a significant loss of CD7 expression (< 50%) in 33 of 51 (65%) cases of SS compared with two of 35 (6%) EID (P < 0.001). The lymphocytic infiltrate in SS skin samples was found significantly to express PD-1 (P = 0.0053), MUM-1 (P = 0.0017) and Ki-67 (P < 0.001), and showed less infiltration of CD8(+) lymphocytes (P < 0.001). A multivariate analysis identified CD7 loss, increased numbers of small cerebriform lymphocytes, low numbers of CD8(+) lymphocytes and increased proliferation (Ki-67(+) lymphocytes) as the strongest indicators for the diagnosis of SS.
CONCLUSIONS: A number of different histological and immunophenotypical criteria are required to differentiate between SS and EIDs.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:July 2015
Deposited On:04 Feb 2016 13:59
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 17:44
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0007-0963
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.13832
PubMed ID:25864856

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