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Peri-implant tissues morphometry at SLActive surfaces. An experimental study in the dog


Favero, Vittorio; Lang, Niklaus P; Rossi, Fabio; Favero, Riccardo; Baffone, Davide; Botticelli, Daniele (2016). Peri-implant tissues morphometry at SLActive surfaces. An experimental study in the dog. Clinical Oral Implants Research, 27(8):993-998.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective was to study tissue components around implants with highly hydrophilic surfaces during early healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 12 Labrador dogs, the second and third mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally. After 3 months of healing, full-thickness flaps were elevated in the edentulous region of one side of the mandible. An implant was installed, and the flaps were sutured to allow a non-submerged healing. The timing of the implant installations in the other side of the mandible until sacrifices were performed in such a way to collect biopsies representing healing after 4, 7, 15, and 60 days. An n = 6 was achieved for each healing period. Paraffin sections were obtained for morphometric analyses. RESULTS Provisional matrix with a percentage of 32.9 ± 16.7% was found already after 4 days. This percentage became 37.3 ± 8.5%, 24.3 ± 9.1%, and 1.6 ± 1.7 after 7, 15, and 60 days, respectively. New bone was found after 7 days of healing, at a percentage of 26.2 ± 3.2%. This proportion increased to 36.0 ± 9.6% and 50.4 ± 8.3% after 15 and 60 days, respectively. Marrow spaces free from a blood clot, inflammatory cells, and provisional matrix represented a low proportion of the tissues after 4 days (1.6 ± 2.4%). This proportion increased over time to 9.2 ± 6.4%, 20.3 ± 12.9%, and 37.9 ± 9.6%, respectively. The percentage of old bone was noted in a similar percentage (~8%) up to 15 days. The percentage decreased to ~5% at 60-day of observation. CONCLUSION The tissue changes observed during the healing were similar to those from historic controls studying healing in a chamber adjacent to implants. Hence, the characteristics of the implant surfaces may not be reflected in the tissue composition adjacent to the implant but rather affect the adhesion of tissue onto the implant surfaces.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The objective was to study tissue components around implants with highly hydrophilic surfaces during early healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 12 Labrador dogs, the second and third mandibular premolars were extracted bilaterally. After 3 months of healing, full-thickness flaps were elevated in the edentulous region of one side of the mandible. An implant was installed, and the flaps were sutured to allow a non-submerged healing. The timing of the implant installations in the other side of the mandible until sacrifices were performed in such a way to collect biopsies representing healing after 4, 7, 15, and 60 days. An n = 6 was achieved for each healing period. Paraffin sections were obtained for morphometric analyses. RESULTS Provisional matrix with a percentage of 32.9 ± 16.7% was found already after 4 days. This percentage became 37.3 ± 8.5%, 24.3 ± 9.1%, and 1.6 ± 1.7 after 7, 15, and 60 days, respectively. New bone was found after 7 days of healing, at a percentage of 26.2 ± 3.2%. This proportion increased to 36.0 ± 9.6% and 50.4 ± 8.3% after 15 and 60 days, respectively. Marrow spaces free from a blood clot, inflammatory cells, and provisional matrix represented a low proportion of the tissues after 4 days (1.6 ± 2.4%). This proportion increased over time to 9.2 ± 6.4%, 20.3 ± 12.9%, and 37.9 ± 9.6%, respectively. The percentage of old bone was noted in a similar percentage (~8%) up to 15 days. The percentage decreased to ~5% at 60-day of observation. CONCLUSION The tissue changes observed during the healing were similar to those from historic controls studying healing in a chamber adjacent to implants. Hence, the characteristics of the implant surfaces may not be reflected in the tissue composition adjacent to the implant but rather affect the adhesion of tissue onto the implant surfaces.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Fixed and Removable Prosthodontics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:22 Jan 2016 11:00
Last Modified:29 Jul 2016 01:01
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0905-7161
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/clr.12719
PubMed ID:26459396

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