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MicroRNA MiR-199a-5p regulates smooth muscle cell proliferation and morphology by targeting WNT2 signaling pathway


Hashemi Gheinani, Ali; Burkhard, Fiona C; Rehrauer, Hubert; Aquino Fournier, Catharine; Monastyrskaya, Katia (2015). MicroRNA MiR-199a-5p regulates smooth muscle cell proliferation and morphology by targeting WNT2 signaling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(11):7067-7086.

Abstract

MicroRNA miR-199a-5p impairs tight junction formation, leading to increased urothelial permeability in bladder pain syndrome. Now, using transcriptome analysis in urothelial TEU-2 cells, we implicate it in the regulation of cell cycle, cytoskeleton remodeling, TGF, and WNT signaling pathways. MiR-199a-5p is highly expressed in the smooth muscle layer of the bladder, and we altered its levels in bladder smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to validate the pathway analysis. Inhibition of miR-199a-5p with antimiR increased SMC proliferation, reduced cell size, and up-regulated miR-199a-5p targets, including WNT2. Overexpression of WNT2 protein or treating SMCs with recombinant WNT2 closely mimicked the miR-199a-5p inhibition, whereas down-regulation of WNT2 in antimiR-expressing SMCs with shRNA restored cell phenotype and proliferation rates. Overexpression of miR-199a-5p in the bladder SMCs significantly increased cell size and up-regulated SM22, SM α-actin, and SM myosin heavy chain mRNA and protein levels. These changes as well as increased expression of ACTG2, TGFB1I1, and CDKN1A were mediated by up-regulation of the smooth muscle-specific transcriptional activator myocardin at mRNA and protein levels. Myocardin-related transcription factor A downstream targets Id3 and MYL9 were also induced. Up-regulation of myocardin was accompanied by down-regulation of WNT-dependent inhibitory Krüppel-like transcription factor 4 in miR-199a-5p-overexpressing cells. In contrast, Krüppel-like transcription factor 4 was induced in antimiR-expressing cells following the activation of WNT2 signaling, leading to repression of myocardin-dependent genes. MiR-199a-5p plays a critical role in the WNT2-mediated regulation of proliferative and differentiation processes in the smooth muscle and may behave as a key modulator of smooth muscle hypertrophy, which is relevant for organ remodeling.

Abstract

MicroRNA miR-199a-5p impairs tight junction formation, leading to increased urothelial permeability in bladder pain syndrome. Now, using transcriptome analysis in urothelial TEU-2 cells, we implicate it in the regulation of cell cycle, cytoskeleton remodeling, TGF, and WNT signaling pathways. MiR-199a-5p is highly expressed in the smooth muscle layer of the bladder, and we altered its levels in bladder smooth muscle cells (SMCs) to validate the pathway analysis. Inhibition of miR-199a-5p with antimiR increased SMC proliferation, reduced cell size, and up-regulated miR-199a-5p targets, including WNT2. Overexpression of WNT2 protein or treating SMCs with recombinant WNT2 closely mimicked the miR-199a-5p inhibition, whereas down-regulation of WNT2 in antimiR-expressing SMCs with shRNA restored cell phenotype and proliferation rates. Overexpression of miR-199a-5p in the bladder SMCs significantly increased cell size and up-regulated SM22, SM α-actin, and SM myosin heavy chain mRNA and protein levels. These changes as well as increased expression of ACTG2, TGFB1I1, and CDKN1A were mediated by up-regulation of the smooth muscle-specific transcriptional activator myocardin at mRNA and protein levels. Myocardin-related transcription factor A downstream targets Id3 and MYL9 were also induced. Up-regulation of myocardin was accompanied by down-regulation of WNT-dependent inhibitory Krüppel-like transcription factor 4 in miR-199a-5p-overexpressing cells. In contrast, Krüppel-like transcription factor 4 was induced in antimiR-expressing cells following the activation of WNT2 signaling, leading to repression of myocardin-dependent genes. MiR-199a-5p plays a critical role in the WNT2-mediated regulation of proliferative and differentiation processes in the smooth muscle and may behave as a key modulator of smooth muscle hypertrophy, which is relevant for organ remodeling.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Functional Genomics Center Zurich
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:13 March 2015
Deposited On:05 Feb 2016 11:53
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 17:53
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
Additional Information:This research was originally published in: Hashemi Gheinani, Ali; Burkhard, Fiona C; Rehrauer, Hubert; Aquino Fournier, Catharine; Monastyrskaya, Katia (2015). MicroRNA MiR-199a-5p regulates smooth muscle cell proliferation and morphology by targeting WNT2 signaling pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(11):7067-7086. © the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology.
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.618694
PubMed ID:25596533

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