Vuval pathologies manifested by allodynia and burning sensations can be due to infection, inflammatory dermatoses or other causes. Infective as well as certain inflammatory diseases, e.g. drug eruptions, allergic eczemas, irritative dermatitis/vulvitis, Behcet's Syndrome and pemphigus/pemphigoid usually respond well to conservative treatment. The category of inflammatory diseases also contains pathologies that in certain circumstances do require a surgical intervention, e.g. Lichen ruber planus/Lichen sclerosus, Condyloma, scars, premalignant lesions (VIN, genital M. Paget) and cancer. Vulodynia also can cause some stinging to the vulvar skin. The surgical aspects relating to the treatment of the benign and premalignant pathologies indicated above are mentioned in this mini-review.