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Technical note: The use of a sonomicrometry system for monitoring uterine involution in postpartum dairy cows


Heppelmann, M; Krach, K; Krüger, L; Benz, P; Herzog, K; Piechotta, M; Hoedemaker, M; Bollwein, H (2015). Technical note: The use of a sonomicrometry system for monitoring uterine involution in postpartum dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science, 98(3):1862-1869.

Abstract

Sonomicrometry allows the measurement of the distance between 2 piezoelectric crystals and has been widely used to investigate the contractility of the heart and gastrointestinal tract. The objective of this study was to determine whether this method can be used to quantify the reduction in uterine size in cows postpartum. Seven healthy pluriparous Holstein Friesian cows (3.7±0.7 yr old, parity 2.4±0.5, mean±SD) were used. Three weeks before calving, 4 piezoelectric crystals were implanted via laparotomy in the myometrium of the greater curvature of the pregnant uterine horn in a longitudinal direction. Sonometric measurements were conducted daily from 2 d before parturition until 14 d after calving, followed by measurements every other day until d 28. Changes in the distance between neighboring crystals were presented as relative changes (%) from baseline values before parturition. The diameter of the previously pregnant uterine horn was measured using transrectal B-mode sonography from d 10 to 28 after calving. The cows were slaughtered 39±6 d postpartum and the uterus was evaluated for fixation of the crystals. The distances between neighboring crystals underwent changes with a reduction of greater than 50% until d 1 postpartum, but no further changes were recorded from d 1 to 7. In the second week, changes in all distances were affected by day postpartum. One distance was affected by day postpartum in wk 3 and 4. There was a positive correlation between the diameter of the previously pregnant horn and the distances between the crystals. Examination of the uterus after slaughter of the cows revealed that 8 crystals (29%) were no longer fixed in the myometrium. Seven of these (25%) could be evaluated completely or partially and 1 (4%) could not be analyzed. Sonomicrometry seems to be suitable for the objective measurement of reduction in uterine length in cows.

Abstract

Sonomicrometry allows the measurement of the distance between 2 piezoelectric crystals and has been widely used to investigate the contractility of the heart and gastrointestinal tract. The objective of this study was to determine whether this method can be used to quantify the reduction in uterine size in cows postpartum. Seven healthy pluriparous Holstein Friesian cows (3.7±0.7 yr old, parity 2.4±0.5, mean±SD) were used. Three weeks before calving, 4 piezoelectric crystals were implanted via laparotomy in the myometrium of the greater curvature of the pregnant uterine horn in a longitudinal direction. Sonometric measurements were conducted daily from 2 d before parturition until 14 d after calving, followed by measurements every other day until d 28. Changes in the distance between neighboring crystals were presented as relative changes (%) from baseline values before parturition. The diameter of the previously pregnant uterine horn was measured using transrectal B-mode sonography from d 10 to 28 after calving. The cows were slaughtered 39±6 d postpartum and the uterus was evaluated for fixation of the crystals. The distances between neighboring crystals underwent changes with a reduction of greater than 50% until d 1 postpartum, but no further changes were recorded from d 1 to 7. In the second week, changes in all distances were affected by day postpartum. One distance was affected by day postpartum in wk 3 and 4. There was a positive correlation between the diameter of the previously pregnant horn and the distances between the crystals. Examination of the uterus after slaughter of the cows revealed that 8 crystals (29%) were no longer fixed in the myometrium. Seven of these (25%) could be evaluated completely or partially and 1 (4%) could not be analyzed. Sonomicrometry seems to be suitable for the objective measurement of reduction in uterine length in cows.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:cattle; postpartum period; sonography; uterus
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:16 Feb 2016 10:55
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 18:11
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0022-0302
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2014-7500
PubMed ID:25529413

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