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Hypotrichose und Oligodontie, verbunden mit einer Xq-Deletion, bei einem Kalb der Schweizerischen Fleckviehrasse - Zurich Open Repository and Archive


Braun, U; Ansari, H A; Hediger, R; Süss, U; Ehrensperger, F (1988). Hypotrichose und Oligodontie, verbunden mit einer Xq-Deletion, bei einem Kalb der Schweizerischen Fleckviehrasse. Tierärztliche Praxis, 16(1):39-44.

Abstract

Hypotrichosis and oligodontia associated with a chromosomal anomaly (Xq-deletion) are described in a 11-month old cattle (Simmenthal/Red Holstein cross-breed). This chromosomal anomaly was accompanied with hairlessness and grievous teeth abnormalities. The animal had a very thin haircoat, had only one incisor and between one to three molars per mandible or maxilla. This resulted in reduced food intake, reduced rumination, and retarded growth. Post-mortem examination revealed lesions in the kidneys (bilateral chronic interstitial nephritis), adrenals (hyperplasia), pancreas (focal fibrosis) and abomasum (obstipation and multiple ulcers). Some of these abnormalities are comparable with the human "anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia" (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome) and supports the hypothesis that there are homologies in the X-chromosome of different mammals.

Abstract

Hypotrichosis and oligodontia associated with a chromosomal anomaly (Xq-deletion) are described in a 11-month old cattle (Simmenthal/Red Holstein cross-breed). This chromosomal anomaly was accompanied with hairlessness and grievous teeth abnormalities. The animal had a very thin haircoat, had only one incisor and between one to three molars per mandible or maxilla. This resulted in reduced food intake, reduced rumination, and retarded growth. Post-mortem examination revealed lesions in the kidneys (bilateral chronic interstitial nephritis), adrenals (hyperplasia), pancreas (focal fibrosis) and abomasum (obstipation and multiple ulcers). Some of these abnormalities are comparable with the human "anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia" (Christ-Siemens-Touraine syndrome) and supports the hypothesis that there are homologies in the X-chromosome of different mammals.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Hypotrichosis and oligodontia, combined with an Xq-deletion, in a calf of the Swiss Holstein breed
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Uncontrolled Keywords:Abnormalities, Multiple; Alopecia; Animal; Anodontia; Case Report; Cattle; Cattle Diseases; Chromosome Deletion; Female; Hair; Hypotrichosis; Skin; X Chromosome
Language:German
Date:1988
Deposited On:19 Feb 2016 10:59
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 20:09
Publisher:Schattauer
ISSN:0303-6286
PubMed ID:3368908

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