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In vitro derivation of melanocytes from embryonic neural crest stem cells


Shakhova, Olga; Sommer, Lukas (2015). In vitro derivation of melanocytes from embryonic neural crest stem cells. Methods in Molecular Biology:1-8.

Abstract

During development, melanocyte progenitors originate from the neural crest, a transient embryonic structure in vertebrates that gives rise to a variety of cell types including neurons and glia of the peripheral nervous system, smooth muscle cells of the cardiovascular system, chondrocytes and osteoblasts of the craniofacial elements, and pigment cells in the skin. In this chapter, we describe a method for the differentiation of multipotent embryonic neural crest stem cells into differentiated pigmented melanocytes by using in vitro explant culture system. This protocol allows the dissection of genetic and cellular mechanisms regulating neural crest stem cell and melanocyte development. Based on this knowledge it is possible to make predictions about processes that might also be implicated in melanoma initiation and progression.

Abstract

During development, melanocyte progenitors originate from the neural crest, a transient embryonic structure in vertebrates that gives rise to a variety of cell types including neurons and glia of the peripheral nervous system, smooth muscle cells of the cardiovascular system, chondrocytes and osteoblasts of the craniofacial elements, and pigment cells in the skin. In this chapter, we describe a method for the differentiation of multipotent embryonic neural crest stem cells into differentiated pigmented melanocytes by using in vitro explant culture system. This protocol allows the dissection of genetic and cellular mechanisms regulating neural crest stem cell and melanocyte development. Based on this knowledge it is possible to make predictions about processes that might also be implicated in melanoma initiation and progression.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Oncology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:13 December 2015
Deposited On:23 Feb 2016 16:25
Last Modified:23 Apr 2017 05:34
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1064-3745
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/7651_2015_305
PubMed ID:26659800

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