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Association between thyroid dysfunction and venous thromboembolism in the elderly: a prospective cohort study


Abstract

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and subclinical thyroid dysfunction (SCTD) are both common in elderly patients. SCTD has been related to a hypercoagulable state and an increased thromboembolic risk. However, prospective data on the relationship between SCTD and VTE are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between SCTD and recurrent VTE (rVTE), all-cause mortality, and thrombophilic biomarkers. Patients Elderly patients with VTE were studied. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, thyroid hormones and thrombophilic biomarkers were measured 1 year after acute VTE, as both may be influenced by acute thrombosis. We defined subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (4.50-19.99 mIU L(-1) ), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) as TSH levels of < 0.45 mIU L(-1) , both with normal free thyroxine levels. Outcomes were incidence of rVTE and overall mortality during follow-up starting after the 1-year blood sampling. RESULTS: Of 561 participants (58% with anticoagulation), 6% had SHypo and 5% had SHyper. After 20.8 months of mean follow-up, 9% developed rVTE and 10% died. The rVTE incidence rate was 7.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.7-19.2) per 100 patient-years in SHypo participants, 0.0 (95% CI 0.0-7.6) in SHyper participants, and 5.9 (95% CI 4.4-7.8) in euthyroid participants. In multivariate analyses, the sub-hazard ratio for rVTE was 0.00 (95% CI 0.00-0.58) in SHyper participants and 1.50 (95% CI 0.52-4.34) in SHypo participants as compared with euthyroid participants, without increased levels of thrombophilic biomarkers. SHyper (hazard ratio [HR] 0.80, 95% CI 0.23-2.81) and SHypo (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.30-3.29) were not associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: In elderly patients, SHyper may be associated with lower rVTE risks. SHypo showed a non-statistically significant pattern of an association with rVTE, without increased mortality or differences in thrombophilic biomarkers.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) and subclinical thyroid dysfunction (SCTD) are both common in elderly patients. SCTD has been related to a hypercoagulable state and an increased thromboembolic risk. However, prospective data on the relationship between SCTD and VTE are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between SCTD and recurrent VTE (rVTE), all-cause mortality, and thrombophilic biomarkers. Patients Elderly patients with VTE were studied. METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, thyroid hormones and thrombophilic biomarkers were measured 1 year after acute VTE, as both may be influenced by acute thrombosis. We defined subclinical hypothyroidism (SHypo) as elevated thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels (4.50-19.99 mIU L(-1) ), and subclinical hyperthyroidism (SHyper) as TSH levels of < 0.45 mIU L(-1) , both with normal free thyroxine levels. Outcomes were incidence of rVTE and overall mortality during follow-up starting after the 1-year blood sampling. RESULTS: Of 561 participants (58% with anticoagulation), 6% had SHypo and 5% had SHyper. After 20.8 months of mean follow-up, 9% developed rVTE and 10% died. The rVTE incidence rate was 7.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.7-19.2) per 100 patient-years in SHypo participants, 0.0 (95% CI 0.0-7.6) in SHyper participants, and 5.9 (95% CI 4.4-7.8) in euthyroid participants. In multivariate analyses, the sub-hazard ratio for rVTE was 0.00 (95% CI 0.00-0.58) in SHyper participants and 1.50 (95% CI 0.52-4.34) in SHypo participants as compared with euthyroid participants, without increased levels of thrombophilic biomarkers. SHyper (hazard ratio [HR] 0.80, 95% CI 0.23-2.81) and SHypo (HR 0.99, 95% CI 0.30-3.29) were not associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: In elderly patients, SHyper may be associated with lower rVTE risks. SHypo showed a non-statistically significant pattern of an association with rVTE, without increased mortality or differences in thrombophilic biomarkers.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Angiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:27 January 2016
Deposited On:26 Aug 2016 10:58
Last Modified:01 Sep 2017 00:00
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1538-7933
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jth.13276
PubMed ID:26816339

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