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Albian angiosperm pollen from shallow marine strata in the Lusitanian Basin, Portugal


Horikx, Maurits; Hochuli, Peter A; Feist-Burkhardt, Susanne; Heimhofer, Ulrich (2016). Albian angiosperm pollen from shallow marine strata in the Lusitanian Basin, Portugal. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 228:67-92.

Abstract

The evolution of angiosperms significantly changed the composition of the terrestrial vegetation during the mid-Cretaceous. In contrast to the wealth of information available on the biology and systematic relationships of early angiosperms, the temporal patterns of their evolution and radiation are poorly constrained. Here we present a continuous angiosperm pollen record from well-dated shallow marine deposits in the Lusitanian Basin, Portugal. The São Julião section provides a solid stratigraphic framework to track angiosperm pollen distribution patterns from the early Albian to early Cenomanian at mid-latitudes. In comparison to previous angiosperm pollen records from the Lusitanian basin, the section shows an extended late Albian succession and provides new insights into the diversification of early angiosperms during this important interval. Productive palynological samples were analysed and 79 different angiosperm pollen types have been recorded. Throughout the Albian angiosperm pollen represent only a minor component of the total palynoflora. The early Albian pollen record is characterized by highly diverse assemblages of monoaperturate pollen of monocot or “magnoliid” affinity and by the first appearance of polyporate and tricolpate pollen of eudicot affinity. A distinct diversification phase among tri- and poly-aperturate pollen (e.g., Cretacaeiporites, Retitrescolpites, Rousea, Striatopollis and Tricolpites) and the presence of conspicuous pollen grains assigned to Dichastopollenites characterize the middle and late Albian palynological assemblages. Thus, the section records a striking sequence of appearances of important angiosperm pollen morphologies. Monocolpates, polyporates and tricolpates appear in the early Albian whereas tricolporates appear from the early part of the late Albian onwards. Furthermore, well-constrained biostratigraphic ranges of selected angiosperm pollen from mid-latitudes are presented. In view of these new data, the temporal framework of the palynological Subzones II-B and II-C in the Potomac Group succession from the Atlantic Coastal Plain, eastern USA is revised to a middle to late Albian age.

Abstract

The evolution of angiosperms significantly changed the composition of the terrestrial vegetation during the mid-Cretaceous. In contrast to the wealth of information available on the biology and systematic relationships of early angiosperms, the temporal patterns of their evolution and radiation are poorly constrained. Here we present a continuous angiosperm pollen record from well-dated shallow marine deposits in the Lusitanian Basin, Portugal. The São Julião section provides a solid stratigraphic framework to track angiosperm pollen distribution patterns from the early Albian to early Cenomanian at mid-latitudes. In comparison to previous angiosperm pollen records from the Lusitanian basin, the section shows an extended late Albian succession and provides new insights into the diversification of early angiosperms during this important interval. Productive palynological samples were analysed and 79 different angiosperm pollen types have been recorded. Throughout the Albian angiosperm pollen represent only a minor component of the total palynoflora. The early Albian pollen record is characterized by highly diverse assemblages of monoaperturate pollen of monocot or “magnoliid” affinity and by the first appearance of polyporate and tricolpate pollen of eudicot affinity. A distinct diversification phase among tri- and poly-aperturate pollen (e.g., Cretacaeiporites, Retitrescolpites, Rousea, Striatopollis and Tricolpites) and the presence of conspicuous pollen grains assigned to Dichastopollenites characterize the middle and late Albian palynological assemblages. Thus, the section records a striking sequence of appearances of important angiosperm pollen morphologies. Monocolpates, polyporates and tricolpates appear in the early Albian whereas tricolporates appear from the early part of the late Albian onwards. Furthermore, well-constrained biostratigraphic ranges of selected angiosperm pollen from mid-latitudes are presented. In view of these new data, the temporal framework of the palynological Subzones II-B and II-C in the Potomac Group succession from the Atlantic Coastal Plain, eastern USA is revised to a middle to late Albian age.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Paleontological Institute and Museum
Dewey Decimal Classification:560 Fossils & prehistoric life
Language:English
Date:2016
Deposited On:21 Mar 2016 16:53
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 19:16
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0034-6667
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2015.12.008

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