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Schizophrenie: Pars pro toto der Psychiatrie?: Ein geistesgeschichtlicher Essay über den Status der "Schizophrenie" im psychiatrischen Diskurs


Maatz, Anke; Hoff, Paul (2017). Schizophrenie: Pars pro toto der Psychiatrie?: Ein geistesgeschichtlicher Essay über den Status der "Schizophrenie" im psychiatrischen Diskurs. Der Nervenarzt, 88(1):78-82.

Abstract

In the history of psychiatry, “schizophrenia” has often been portrayed as the discipline’s pars pro toto, which prototypically represents mental illness as such and which draws together the fundamental questions concerning psychiatric epistemology and practice. Taking a conceptual history approach, this essay examines how “schizophrenia” is represented in psychiatric discourse and what aspects of its representation account for the pars pro toto status. Three such aspects are identified: a pragmatic, an existential and a justificatory aspect. Following up these aspects in present day psychiatric discourse, it is concluded that “schizophrenia” is losing its special status as the representations of psychiatry and of mental illness have changed and become more diverse. Tentative conclusions regarding current debates about the abolition of “schizophrenia” are drawn.

Abstract

In the history of psychiatry, “schizophrenia” has often been portrayed as the discipline’s pars pro toto, which prototypically represents mental illness as such and which draws together the fundamental questions concerning psychiatric epistemology and practice. Taking a conceptual history approach, this essay examines how “schizophrenia” is represented in psychiatric discourse and what aspects of its representation account for the pars pro toto status. Three such aspects are identified: a pragmatic, an existential and a justificatory aspect. Following up these aspects in present day psychiatric discourse, it is concluded that “schizophrenia” is losing its special status as the representations of psychiatry and of mental illness have changed and become more diverse. Tentative conclusions regarding current debates about the abolition of “schizophrenia” are drawn.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Schizophrenia: pars pro toto for psychiatry?: A historical essay on the status of schizophrenia in psychiatric discourse
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Schizophrenia · Conceptual history · Nosology · Abolition debates · Cultural theory
Language:German
Date:March 2017
Deposited On:22 Mar 2016 18:35
Last Modified:19 Feb 2018 07:19
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0028-2804
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00115-016-0091-3
PubMed ID:26975653

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