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Mid- and longer-term follow up of chimney and/or periscope grafts and risk factors for failure


Pecoraro, Felice; Veith, Frank J; Puippe, Gilbert; Amman-Vesti, Beatrice; Bettex, Dominique; Rancic, Zoran; Pfammatter, Thomas; Lachat, Mario (2016). Mid- and longer-term follow up of chimney and/or periscope grafts and risk factors for failure. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 51(5):664-673.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to report on chimney and periscope grafts (CPGs) and their mid- and longer-term outcomes when they are used to preserve reno-visceral artery (RVA) perfusion in endovascular repair of pararenal (PRAAs) or thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAAs). In addition, factors associated with CPG failure are presented. Limited data exist on the outcomes of CPGs, and mid- and long-term results are generally not reported.
METHODS: This was a prospective study in a cohort of 100 patients with PRAA (69) or TAAA (31). A total of 224 (mean 2.24 per patient) RVAs were preserved with 136 (61%) chimney and 88 (39%) periscope grafts. CPGs were constructed mainly using self expandable stent grafts. Patients were followed by clinical examination, CTA (82%), and/or duplex (18%). Data were collected until February 2015.
RESULTS: CPG immediate technical success was 99% (222/224 branches). Mean follow up was 29 months (range 0-65; SD 17); 59% patients were followed > 2 years, 30% > 3 years, and 16% > 4 years. Post-operatively, CPG occlusion was observed early (≤30 days) in three (1.3%) branches and during follow up in 10 (4.5%). At 36 and 48 months, the estimated primary patency was 93% and 93%. After corrective percutaneous (10) or surgical (3) re-interventions, the estimated secondary patency was 96% and 96%. Thirty day mortality was 2%; at 36 and 48 months the estimated patient survival was 79%. Significant shrinkage (72 [SD 23] vs. 62 [SD 24] mm; p < .001) was observed, with a substantial reduction (>5 mm) in 55 patients, and sac enlargement in four. Incomplete aneurysm sac sealing was treated successfully by a secondary intervention in 15 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Self expandable CPGs have proved to be a highly successful and durable treatment for RVA preservation up to 5 years. Incomplete CPG expansion, inadequate length, and CPG use in small and diseased target arteries were risk factors for occlusion. These mid- and longer-term results support CPG use to treat PRAAs or TAAAs in patients unfit for open surgery or fenestrated/branched stent grafts.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to report on chimney and periscope grafts (CPGs) and their mid- and longer-term outcomes when they are used to preserve reno-visceral artery (RVA) perfusion in endovascular repair of pararenal (PRAAs) or thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAAs). In addition, factors associated with CPG failure are presented. Limited data exist on the outcomes of CPGs, and mid- and long-term results are generally not reported.
METHODS: This was a prospective study in a cohort of 100 patients with PRAA (69) or TAAA (31). A total of 224 (mean 2.24 per patient) RVAs were preserved with 136 (61%) chimney and 88 (39%) periscope grafts. CPGs were constructed mainly using self expandable stent grafts. Patients were followed by clinical examination, CTA (82%), and/or duplex (18%). Data were collected until February 2015.
RESULTS: CPG immediate technical success was 99% (222/224 branches). Mean follow up was 29 months (range 0-65; SD 17); 59% patients were followed > 2 years, 30% > 3 years, and 16% > 4 years. Post-operatively, CPG occlusion was observed early (≤30 days) in three (1.3%) branches and during follow up in 10 (4.5%). At 36 and 48 months, the estimated primary patency was 93% and 93%. After corrective percutaneous (10) or surgical (3) re-interventions, the estimated secondary patency was 96% and 96%. Thirty day mortality was 2%; at 36 and 48 months the estimated patient survival was 79%. Significant shrinkage (72 [SD 23] vs. 62 [SD 24] mm; p < .001) was observed, with a substantial reduction (>5 mm) in 55 patients, and sac enlargement in four. Incomplete aneurysm sac sealing was treated successfully by a secondary intervention in 15 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Self expandable CPGs have proved to be a highly successful and durable treatment for RVA preservation up to 5 years. Incomplete CPG expansion, inadequate length, and CPG use in small and diseased target arteries were risk factors for occlusion. These mid- and longer-term results support CPG use to treat PRAAs or TAAAs in patients unfit for open surgery or fenestrated/branched stent grafts.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Chimney and periscope graft; Complex aortic aneurysm; Endovascular aneurysm repair; Pararenal aortic aneurysm; Reno-visceral arteries; Thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm
Language:English
Date:5 March 2016
Deposited On:01 Apr 2016 15:31
Last Modified:25 Apr 2016 01:04
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1078-5884
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2016.01.010
PubMed ID:26961762

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