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The initiation of a multidisciplinary bladder cancer clinic and the uptake of neoadjuvant chemotherapy: A time-series analysis


Nayan, Madhur; Bhindi, Bimal; Yu, Julie L; Mamdani, Muhammad; Fleshner, Neil E; Hermanns, Thomas; Chung, Peter; Milosevic, Michael; Bristow, Robert; Warde, Padraig; Hamilton, Robert J; Finelli, Antonio; Jewett, Michael A S; Zlotta, Alexandre R; Sridhar, Srikala S; Kulkarni, Girish S (2016). The initiation of a multidisciplinary bladder cancer clinic and the uptake of neoadjuvant chemotherapy: A time-series analysis. Canadian Urological Association. Journal, 10(1-2):25-30.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: While level 1 evidence supports the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), its uptake has been underwhelming, even in academic centres. Our aim was to determine if the initiation of a multidisciplinary bladder cancer clinic (MDBCC) in 2008 at our institution, where patients are assessed simultaneously by bladder cancer-focused urologists and radiation oncologists with easy access to a medical oncologist, was associated with an increased use of NAC.
METHODS: Patients with MIBC initiating treatment between July 2000 and June 2013 were identified and classified by academic year (July 1 to June 30). Time-series analyses using interventional autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models with ramp intervention functions were then conducted. A sensitivity analysis was performed on clinical N0 patients.
RESULTS: The cohort included 278 patients: 168 from 2000-2007 and 110 from 2008-2012 (academic years). Forty-two (15.1%) patients received NAC and 74 (26.6%) received adjuvant chemotherapy (AC). Overall the proportion of patients receiving NAC increased from 7.7% before the MDBCC to 47.6% in 2012 (Interventional ARIMA p=0.036). The results were similar when restricting to cN0 patients (p<0.001). NAC use gradually increased over time regardless of MDBCC attendance, although the proportion of patients receiving NAC appears to have risen more sharply among MDBCC attendees.
CONCLUSIONS: At our institution, the initiation of the MDBCC was temporally associated with increased use of NAC. In addition to multidisciplinary collaboration, having a critical mass of NAC physician advocates and support from institutional leaders are essential to the uptake of NAC.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: While level 1 evidence supports the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), its uptake has been underwhelming, even in academic centres. Our aim was to determine if the initiation of a multidisciplinary bladder cancer clinic (MDBCC) in 2008 at our institution, where patients are assessed simultaneously by bladder cancer-focused urologists and radiation oncologists with easy access to a medical oncologist, was associated with an increased use of NAC.
METHODS: Patients with MIBC initiating treatment between July 2000 and June 2013 were identified and classified by academic year (July 1 to June 30). Time-series analyses using interventional autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) models with ramp intervention functions were then conducted. A sensitivity analysis was performed on clinical N0 patients.
RESULTS: The cohort included 278 patients: 168 from 2000-2007 and 110 from 2008-2012 (academic years). Forty-two (15.1%) patients received NAC and 74 (26.6%) received adjuvant chemotherapy (AC). Overall the proportion of patients receiving NAC increased from 7.7% before the MDBCC to 47.6% in 2012 (Interventional ARIMA p=0.036). The results were similar when restricting to cN0 patients (p<0.001). NAC use gradually increased over time regardless of MDBCC attendance, although the proportion of patients receiving NAC appears to have risen more sharply among MDBCC attendees.
CONCLUSIONS: At our institution, the initiation of the MDBCC was temporally associated with increased use of NAC. In addition to multidisciplinary collaboration, having a critical mass of NAC physician advocates and support from institutional leaders are essential to the uptake of NAC.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Urological Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Date:2016
Deposited On:25 Apr 2016 16:58
Last Modified:25 Apr 2016 16:58
Publisher:Canadian Urological Association
ISSN:1911-6470
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.5489/cuaj.3315
Official URL:http://journals.sfu.ca/cuaj/index.php/journal/article/view/3315
PubMed ID:26977202

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