Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

TRPM4 protein expression in prostate cancer: a novel tissue biomarker associated with risk of biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy


Berg, Kasper Drimer; Soldini, Davide; Jung, Maria; Dietrich, Dimo; Stephan, Carsten; Jung, Klaus; Dietel, Manfred; Vainer, Ben; Kristiansen, Glen (2016). TRPM4 protein expression in prostate cancer: a novel tissue biomarker associated with risk of biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy. Virchows Archiv, 468(3):345-355.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 4 (TRPM4) messenger RNA (mRNA) has been shown to be upregulated in prostate cancer (PCa) and might be a new promising tissue biomarker. We evaluated TRPM4 protein expression and correlated the expression level with biochemical recurrence (BR) following radical prostatectomy (RP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The study included 614 patients who had undergone RP. TRPM4 immunohistochemical staining was performed on samples of benign tissue, tissue containing PIN glands and PCa tissue using a commercially available polyclonal antibody. Staining intensity was recorded by two independent observers using a four-tired semi-quantitative grading system (0, 1+, 2+, 3+) converted into H-scores. Interobserver agreement was calculated by linear weighted kappa statistics. The association between staining intensity and BR was analysed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator and uni- and multiple Cox proportional hazard regression models.

RESULTS

Significantly higher staining intensity was found in PCa glands compared to benign glands (p < 0.001). The concordance rate in TRPM4 staining intensities for benign, PIN and PCa tissue ranged from 86.0 to 91.5 %, corresponding to linear weighted kappa values of 0.566-0.789. After adjusting for patient and tumour characteristics, patients with a higher staining intensity in PCa glands compared to matched benign glands and an H-score equal to or above the median had an increased risk of BR (HR 1.79-2.62; p = 0.01-0.03 for the two observers) when compared to patients with a lower staining intensity.

CONCLUSIONS

TRPM4 protein expression is widely expressed in benign and cancerous prostate tissue, with highest staining intensities found in PCa. Overexpression of TRPM4 in PCa (combination of high staining intensity and a high H-score) is associated with increased risk of BR after RP.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily M, member 4 (TRPM4) messenger RNA (mRNA) has been shown to be upregulated in prostate cancer (PCa) and might be a new promising tissue biomarker. We evaluated TRPM4 protein expression and correlated the expression level with biochemical recurrence (BR) following radical prostatectomy (RP).

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The study included 614 patients who had undergone RP. TRPM4 immunohistochemical staining was performed on samples of benign tissue, tissue containing PIN glands and PCa tissue using a commercially available polyclonal antibody. Staining intensity was recorded by two independent observers using a four-tired semi-quantitative grading system (0, 1+, 2+, 3+) converted into H-scores. Interobserver agreement was calculated by linear weighted kappa statistics. The association between staining intensity and BR was analysed using the Kaplan-Meier estimator and uni- and multiple Cox proportional hazard regression models.

RESULTS

Significantly higher staining intensity was found in PCa glands compared to benign glands (p < 0.001). The concordance rate in TRPM4 staining intensities for benign, PIN and PCa tissue ranged from 86.0 to 91.5 %, corresponding to linear weighted kappa values of 0.566-0.789. After adjusting for patient and tumour characteristics, patients with a higher staining intensity in PCa glands compared to matched benign glands and an H-score equal to or above the median had an increased risk of BR (HR 1.79-2.62; p = 0.01-0.03 for the two observers) when compared to patients with a lower staining intensity.

CONCLUSIONS

TRPM4 protein expression is widely expressed in benign and cancerous prostate tissue, with highest staining intensities found in PCa. Overexpression of TRPM4 in PCa (combination of high staining intensity and a high H-score) is associated with increased risk of BR after RP.

Statistics

Citations

4 citations in Web of Science®
2 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

11 downloads since deposited on 17 May 2016
11 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2016
Deposited On:17 May 2016 08:46
Last Modified:08 Dec 2017 19:30
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0945-6317
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00428-015-1880-y
PubMed ID:26590985

Download

Download PDF  'TRPM4 protein expression in prostate cancer: a novel tissue biomarker associated with risk of biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy'.
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 730kB
View at publisher