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Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical Manifestation, Neuroimaging Correlates, and Treatment


Pflugshaupt, T; Geisseler, O; Nyffeler, T; Linnebank, M (2016). Cognitive Impairment in Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical Manifestation, Neuroimaging Correlates, and Treatment. Seminars in Neurology, 36(2):203-211.

Abstract

Cognitive impairment is found in up to 70% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Once thought of as a variant of subcortical dementia with a characteristic set of deficits, we now know that MS-related cognitive impairment can have many faces. This conceptual change in neuropsychology is embedded in a paradigm shift in the neuroscientific understanding of MS over the past 25 years: Partly based on modern neuroimaging techniques, the classical view of MS as an inflammatory demyelinating disease affecting the white matter of the central nervous system has been extended. In particular, many studies have shown that the MS pathology also includes neurodegeneration, and that gray matter structures such as the cerebral cortex can also show focal lesions, atrophy, or both. The authors present an updated summary of the clinical manifestation and neuroimaging correlates of cognitive impairment in MS, and discuss the relatively few treatment options available to date.

Abstract

Cognitive impairment is found in up to 70% of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Once thought of as a variant of subcortical dementia with a characteristic set of deficits, we now know that MS-related cognitive impairment can have many faces. This conceptual change in neuropsychology is embedded in a paradigm shift in the neuroscientific understanding of MS over the past 25 years: Partly based on modern neuroimaging techniques, the classical view of MS as an inflammatory demyelinating disease affecting the white matter of the central nervous system has been extended. In particular, many studies have shown that the MS pathology also includes neurodegeneration, and that gray matter structures such as the cerebral cortex can also show focal lesions, atrophy, or both. The authors present an updated summary of the clinical manifestation and neuroimaging correlates of cognitive impairment in MS, and discuss the relatively few treatment options available to date.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neurology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:April 2016
Deposited On:17 Nov 2016 12:43
Last Modified:04 Dec 2016 06:16
Publisher:Georg Thieme Verlag
ISSN:0271-8235
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0036-1579696
PubMed ID:27116727

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