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Insights into the gate of the nuclear pore complex


Zwerger, Monika; Eibauer, Matthias; Medalia, Ohad (2016). Insights into the gate of the nuclear pore complex. Nucleus, 7(1):1-7.

Abstract

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) serve as the gateway of the cell nucleus. These macromolecular assemblies form selective aqueous translocation channels permitting the free diffusion of small molecules, as well as receptor-mediated transport of large cargoes. Over the past decade, major progress has been made in both the structural determination of individual nucleoporins and subcomplexes by X-ray crystallography and in the structural analysis of the entire NPC by cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET). The metazoan NPC structure from Xenopus laevis oocytes was recently resolved up to 20 Å by combining cryo-ET with advanced image processing techniques, revealing for the first time the architecture of the central channel. Here, we discuss the structure of the Xenopus laevis NPC and consider future perspectives that will eventually allow reconstructing the scaffold and gate of the NPC with higher resolution and identifying its transport-relevant regions. This will eventually allow us to describe the structure of the NPC 'in action'.

Abstract

Nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) serve as the gateway of the cell nucleus. These macromolecular assemblies form selective aqueous translocation channels permitting the free diffusion of small molecules, as well as receptor-mediated transport of large cargoes. Over the past decade, major progress has been made in both the structural determination of individual nucleoporins and subcomplexes by X-ray crystallography and in the structural analysis of the entire NPC by cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET). The metazoan NPC structure from Xenopus laevis oocytes was recently resolved up to 20 Å by combining cryo-ET with advanced image processing techniques, revealing for the first time the architecture of the central channel. Here, we discuss the structure of the Xenopus laevis NPC and consider future perspectives that will eventually allow reconstructing the scaffold and gate of the NPC with higher resolution and identifying its transport-relevant regions. This will eventually allow us to describe the structure of the NPC 'in action'.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:March 2016
Deposited On:18 Jul 2016 11:59
Last Modified:31 Oct 2016 08:29
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1949-1034
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/19491034.2015.1130197
PubMed ID:26902931

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