Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Interleukin 1 alpha hematological examination in mechanics exposed to low benzene concentrations


Hotz, Philipp; Carbonnelle, Philippe; Scheiff, J M; Tschopp, Alois; Lauwerys, R (1998). Interleukin 1 alpha hematological examination in mechanics exposed to low benzene concentrations. International Archives Of Occupational And Environmental Health, 71(1):19-28.

Abstract

OBJECT To examine the hypothesis of Renz and Kalf relative to the involvement of interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) in the development of anemia in benzene-exposed workers. According to this hypothesis, benzene inhibits the cleavage of the IL-1 alpha precursor (proIL-1 alpha) to mature IL-1 alpha and the lack of this cytokine is responsible for benzene-induced bone marrow suppression. This inhibition of the processing of proIL-1 alpha is attributed to an inhibition of calpain. METHOD Selection of a population of mechanics exposed to low levels of benzene from fuels, assessment of usual exposure and lifetime exposure duration, and measurements of concentrations of workplace-air benzene and urinary benzene metabolites. Determination of IL-1 alpha concentrations was done by a whole-blood assay after lipopolysaccharide stimulation and a hematological examination was carried out. Statistical analysis considered several possible confounding factors, particularly smoking and drinking habits. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. RESULTS The level of exposure of the mechanics to benzene from fuels was mostly well below 1 ppm. IL-1 alpha production was not decreased in mechanics exposed to benzene from fuels, and no correlation between IL-1 alpha concentrations and red blood cell counts appeared. With the exception of a slight decrease in red blood cell counts in mechanics, no hint of a toxic effect of exposure on hematological parameters was found. CONCLUSIONS The hypothesis of Renz and Kalf could not be confirmed. Although the low level exposure of the study population and methodological factors are possible explanations, it cannot be excluded that the hypothesis of Renz and Kalf is not generalizable to benzene-exposed humans. Presently, one cannot advise the measurement of IL-1 alpha production for biological effect monitoring of workers exposed to low concentrations of benzene.

Abstract

OBJECT To examine the hypothesis of Renz and Kalf relative to the involvement of interleukin 1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) in the development of anemia in benzene-exposed workers. According to this hypothesis, benzene inhibits the cleavage of the IL-1 alpha precursor (proIL-1 alpha) to mature IL-1 alpha and the lack of this cytokine is responsible for benzene-induced bone marrow suppression. This inhibition of the processing of proIL-1 alpha is attributed to an inhibition of calpain. METHOD Selection of a population of mechanics exposed to low levels of benzene from fuels, assessment of usual exposure and lifetime exposure duration, and measurements of concentrations of workplace-air benzene and urinary benzene metabolites. Determination of IL-1 alpha concentrations was done by a whole-blood assay after lipopolysaccharide stimulation and a hematological examination was carried out. Statistical analysis considered several possible confounding factors, particularly smoking and drinking habits. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. RESULTS The level of exposure of the mechanics to benzene from fuels was mostly well below 1 ppm. IL-1 alpha production was not decreased in mechanics exposed to benzene from fuels, and no correlation between IL-1 alpha concentrations and red blood cell counts appeared. With the exception of a slight decrease in red blood cell counts in mechanics, no hint of a toxic effect of exposure on hematological parameters was found. CONCLUSIONS The hypothesis of Renz and Kalf could not be confirmed. Although the low level exposure of the study population and methodological factors are possible explanations, it cannot be excluded that the hypothesis of Renz and Kalf is not generalizable to benzene-exposed humans. Presently, one cannot advise the measurement of IL-1 alpha production for biological effect monitoring of workers exposed to low concentrations of benzene.

Statistics

Citations

1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 28 Jul 2016
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 1998
Deposited On:28 Jul 2016 13:07
Last Modified:31 Jul 2016 08:24
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-0131
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s004200050245
PubMed ID:9523245

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 277kB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations